Average Weather in Tabuk Saudi Arabia
In Tabuk, the summers are long, sweltering, arid, and clear and the winters are short, cold, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 40°F to 102°F and is rarely below 34°F or above 108°F.
The hot season lasts for 4.4 months, from May 20 to October 1, with an average daily high temperature above 94°F. The hottest day of the year is August 6, with an average high of 102°F and low of 76°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 29 to February 25, with an average daily high temperature below 71°F. The coldest day of the year is January 16, with an average low of 40°F and high of 64°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Tabuk, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Tabuk begins around May 24 and lasts for 4.8 months, ending around October 19. On September 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 99% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 19 and lasts for 7.2 months, ending around May 24. On December 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 27% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 73% of the time.
Tabuk does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 0% to 2%, with an average value of 1%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 2% on January 28.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
The sliding 31-day quantity of rainfall in Tabuk does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Tabuk varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 20 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 57 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:35 AM on June 10, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 52 minutes later at 7:27 AM on January 12. The earliest sunset is at 5:36 PM on December 2, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 58 minutes later at 7:35 PM on July 1.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Tabuk during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Tabuk, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Tabuk does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.5 miles per hour of 4.4 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Tabuk varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 3.4 months, from January 27 to May 7 and for 1.1 months, from September 29 to October 31, with a peak percentage of 37% on February 14. The wind is most often from the north for 4.7 months, from May 7 to September 29, with a peak percentage of 57% on June 17. The wind is most often from the east for 2.9 months, from October 31 to January 27, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 4 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 19, with an average of 8.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 6 to February 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Tabuk are 28.400 deg latitude, 36.572 deg longitude, and 2,503 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Tabuk contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 125 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,508 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (397 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (4,373 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Tabuk is covered by artificial surfaces (93%), within 10 miles by bare soil (75%) and cropland (16%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (93%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Tabuk, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Tabuk Regional Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Tabuk.
At a distance of 6 kilometers from Tabuk, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Tabuk according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.