Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Mikumi Tanzania
In Mikumi, the wet season is hot, muggy, and mostly cloudy and the dry season is warm and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 63°F to 89°F and is rarely below 59°F or above 93°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Mikumi for hot-weather activities is from late July to early November.
Climate in Mikumi
Average Temperature in Mikumi
The hot season lasts for 2.6 months, from October 9 to December 28, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is November 13, with an average high of 89°F and low of 71°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.1 months, from May 10 to August 13, with an average daily high temperature below 81°F. The coldest day of the year is July 12, with an average low of 63°F and high of 80°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Mikumi
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Mikumi
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Mikumi, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Mikumi begins around April 28 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around November 27. On August 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 76% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 24% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 27 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around April 28. On January 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 82% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 18% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Mikumi
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Mikumi varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.5 months, from November 23 to May 6, with a greater than 35% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 69% on April 4.
The drier season lasts 6.6 months, from May 6 to November 23. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on September 6.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 69% on April 4.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Mikumi
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Mikumi experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.5 months, from October 6 to June 22, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 2, with an average total accumulation of 7.5 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from June 22 to October 6. The least rain falls around September 4, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Mikumi
The length of the day in Mikumi does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 33 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2021, the shortest day is June 21, with 11 hours, 42 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 12 hours, 33 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Mikumi
The earliest sunrise is at 6:03 AM on November 13, and the latest sunrise is 43 minutes later at 6:46 AM on July 15. The earliest sunset is at 6:21 PM on May 25, and the latest sunset is 37 minutes later at 6:58 PM on January 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Mikumi during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Mikumi
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Mikumi
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Mikumi experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from October 31 to June 2, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 25% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is March 31, with muggy conditions 97% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is July 26, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Mikumi
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Mikumi experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from June 24 to December 2, with average wind speeds of more than 3.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is October 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.7 months, from December 2 to June 24. The calmest day of the year is February 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Mikumi
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Mikumi varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 2.1 weeks, from January 14 to January 29, with a peak percentage of 48% on January 15. The wind is most often from the east for 3.1 months, from January 29 to May 2 and for 5.7 months, from July 22 to January 14, with a peak percentage of 69% on March 24. The wind is most often from the south for 2.6 months, from May 2 to July 22, with a peak percentage of 65% on June 18.
Wind Direction in Mikumi
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Mikumi throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mikumi for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to mid September, with a peak score in the last week of July.
Tourism Score in Mikumi
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mikumi for hot-weather activities is from late July to early November, with a peak score in the second week of September.
Beach/Pool Score in Mikumi
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Mikumi are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Mikumi
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Mikumi
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.3 months, from September 18 to November 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is October 24, with an average of 7.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from May 14 to August 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 30, with an average of 5.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Mikumi
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mikumi are -7.404 deg latitude, 36.983 deg longitude, and 1,696 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Mikumi contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 404 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,764 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (4,012 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,179 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Mikumi is covered by shrubs (62%) and cropland (30%), within 10 miles by trees (49%) and shrubs (40%), and within 50 miles by trees (57%) and shrubs (21%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Mikumi, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Mikumi.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Mikumi according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Mikumi is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Mikumi and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Morogoro (HTMG, 56%, 97 kilometers, northeast); Iringa Airport (HTIR, 25%, 139 kilometers, west); and Dodoma Airport (HTDO, 19%, 193 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.