Average Weather in Adana Turkey
In Adana, the summers are long, hot, muggy, dry, and clear and the winters are cold, wet, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 41°F to 94°F and is rarely below 33°F or above 98°F.
The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from June 7 to October 6, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is August 12, with an average high of 94°F and low of 75°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.4 months, from December 1 to March 12, with an average daily high temperature below 65°F. The coldest day of the year is January 23, with an average low of 41°F and high of 58°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Adana, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Adana begins around May 18 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around October 9. On July 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 9 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around May 18. On December 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Adana varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.9 months, from October 12 to May 9, with a greater than 16% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 30% on February 4.
The drier season lasts 5.1 months, from May 9 to October 12. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on July 26.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 30% on February 4.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Adana experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.4 months, from September 12 to June 25, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 28, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from June 25 to September 12. The least rain falls around July 30, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Adana varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 37 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 42 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:18 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 34 minutes later at 7:52 AM on January 5. The earliest sunset is at 5:21 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 41 minutes later at 8:02 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Adana during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Adana experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from May 30 to October 3, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 22% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 5, with muggy conditions 85% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 19, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Adana does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.4 miles per hour of 3.6 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Adana varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 6.7 months, from March 15 to October 7, with a peak percentage of 72% on July 26. The wind is most often from the north for 5.3 months, from October 7 to March 15, with a peak percentage of 44% on January 1.
Adana is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.4 months, from June 29 to October 10, with an average temperature above 79°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 19, with an average temperature of 84°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.1 months, from December 23 to April 27, with an average temperature below 66°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 26, with an average temperature of 62°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 15 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 8.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from November 3 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 2.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Adana are 37.002 deg latitude, 35.329 deg longitude, and 98 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Adana contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 184 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 103 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (837 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (11,516 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Adana is covered by artificial surfaces (91%), within 10 miles by cropland (68%) and artificial surfaces (16%), and within 50 miles by cropland (40%) and water (28%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Adana, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Adana.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Adana according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Adana is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Adana and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.