Average Weather in Rockwell City Iowa, United States
In Rockwell City, the summers are long, warm, and wet; the winters are freezing, dry, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 13°F to 84°F and is rarely below -8°F or above 93°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Rockwell City for warm-weather activities is from mid June to early September.
The warm season lasts for 4.1 months, from May 18 to September 22, with an average daily high temperature above 73°F. The hottest day of the year is July 5, with an average high of 84°F and low of 65°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 27 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 40°F. The coldest day of the year is January 20, with an average low of 13°F and high of 29°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
Almaty, Kazakhstan (6,503 miles away); Yinchuan, China (6,705 miles); and Kujang-ŭp, North Korea (6,216 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Rockwell City (view comparison).
In Rockwell City, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Rockwell City begins around June 8 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around October 22. On July 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 72% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 28% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 22 and lasts for 7.5 months, ending around June 8. On December 29, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 55% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 45% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Rockwell City varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.9 months, from April 7 to October 3, with a greater than 26% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 43% on June 7.
The drier season lasts 6.1 months, from October 3 to April 7. The smallest chance of a wet day is 8% on January 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Rockwell City changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 9.4 months, from February 23 to December 7. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 43% on June 7.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.6 months, from December 7 to February 23. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 6% on January 6.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Rockwell City experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.7 months, from February 24 to December 15, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 17, with an average total accumulation of 4.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.3 months, from December 15 to February 24. The least rain falls around January 24, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Rockwell City experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 2 to April 4, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 4 to November 2. The least snow falls around July 13, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Rockwell City varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 4 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:40 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 14 minutes later at 7:54 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:45 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 14 minutes later at 8:59 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Rockwell City during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
Rockwell City experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from June 7 to September 15, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 12% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 21, with muggy conditions 49% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 16, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Rockwell City experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from September 29 to May 30, with average wind speeds of more than 10.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 13.4 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.0 months, from May 30 to September 29. The calmest day of the year is August 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Rockwell City varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 7.4 months, from April 24 to December 5, with a peak percentage of 47% on September 5. The wind is most often from the west for 1.9 weeks, from December 5 to December 18, with a peak percentage of 32% on December 13. The wind is most often from the north for 4.2 months, from December 18 to April 24, with a peak percentage of 33% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Rockwell City throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Rockwell City for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Rockwell City for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Rockwell City typically lasts for 5.5 months (168 days), from around April 22 to around October 7, rarely starting before April 4 or after May 11, and rarely ending before September 19 or after October 26.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Rockwell City should appear around April 14, only rarely appearing before April 2 or after May 2.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 4 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 4, with an average of 7.1 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 1 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 1.7 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Rockwell City are 42.395 deg latitude, -94.634 deg longitude, and 1,214 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Rockwell City is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 62 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,214 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (135 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (712 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Rockwell City is covered by cropland (96%), within 10 miles by cropland (99%), and within 50 miles by cropland (97%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Rockwell City, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Rockwell City.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Rockwell City according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Rockwell City is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Rockwell City and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Fort Dodge Municipal Airport (38%, 41 kilometers, northeast); Arthur N Neu Airport (38%, 41 kilometers, south); and Storm Lake Municipal Airport (24%, 55 kilometers, northwest).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .