Average Weather in Petra Jordan
In Petra, the summers are long, warm, arid, and clear and the winters are very cold, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 32°F to 86°F and is rarely below 27°F or above 92°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Petra for hot-weather activities is from late June to early September.
The hot season lasts for 4.2 months, from May 25 to September 30, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is August 2, with an average high of 86°F and low of 62°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 2 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 57°F. The coldest day of the year is January 21, with an average low of 32°F and high of 50°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Columbia, California, United States (7,472 miles away); Murphy, North Carolina, United States (6,454 miles); and Cootamundra, Australia (8,578 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Petra (view comparison).
In Petra, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Petra begins around May 22 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around October 22. On September 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 22 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around May 22. On December 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 34% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 66% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Petra varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.6 months, from December 2 to March 22, with a greater than 5% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 11% on February 1.
The drier season lasts 8.4 months, from March 22 to December 2. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on June 15.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 9% on February 2.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Petra experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 1.7 months, from December 26 to February 18, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 25, with an average total accumulation of 0.6 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 10 months, from February 18 to December 26. The least rain falls around June 30, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Petra varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2019, the shortest day is December 22, with 10 hours, 11 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:32 AM on March 28, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 13 minutes later at 6:46 AM on October 24. The earliest sunset is at 4:37 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 7 minutes later at 7:44 PM on June 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Petra during 2019, starting in the spring on March 29, lasting 6.9 months, and ending in the fall on October 25.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Petra, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Petra experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from December 23 to August 5, with average wind speeds of more than 8.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.5 months, from August 5 to December 23. The calmest day of the year is October 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Petra varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 6.2 months, from May 2 to November 9, with a peak percentage of 71% on September 5. The wind is most often from the east for 2.6 weeks, from November 9 to November 27, with a peak percentage of 33% on November 17. The wind is most often from the west for 5.2 months, from November 27 to May 2, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.
Petra is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from July 6 to September 30, with an average temperature above 79°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 14, with an average temperature of 81°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.0 months, from December 28 to April 26, with an average temperature below 72°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 22, with an average temperature of 69°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Petra throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Petra for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to mid October, with a peak score in the second week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Petra for hot-weather activities is from late June to early September, with a peak score in the first week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Petra typically lasts for 9.0 months (273 days), from around March 9 to around December 7, rarely starting before February 11 or after April 3, and rarely ending before November 16 or after December 27.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Petra should appear around March 10, only rarely appearing before February 24 or after March 30.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 6 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 22, with an average of 8.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 7 to February 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 3.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Petra are 30.321 deg latitude, 35.479 deg longitude, and 4,488 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Petra contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,139 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,129 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (4,928 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,001 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Petra is covered by bare soil (88%) and sparse vegetation (11%), within 10 miles by bare soil (95%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (96%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Petra, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Petra.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Petra according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Petra is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Petra and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Ma'An (66%, 34 kilometers, southeast); Ovda Airport (17%, 67 kilometers, southwest); Beer-Sheva (9%, 130 kilometers, northwest); and Queen Alia International Airport (9%, 164 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.