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Average Weather in Eilat Israel

In Eilat, the summers are long, sweltering, arid, and clear and the winters are cool, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 50°F to 103°F and is rarely below 44°F or above 108°F.

The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 23 to September 24, with an average daily high temperature above 96°F. The hottest day of the year is August 1, with an average high of 103°F and low of 81°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 30 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 76°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 50°F and high of 69°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Eilat12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDeccoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotsweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Eilat, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Eilat begins around May 24 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around October 20. On September 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 99% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 20 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around May 24. On December 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 28% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 72% of the time.

Cloud Cover

Cloud Cover in Eilatclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecDec 1828%Dec 1828%Sep 11%Sep 11%May 2415%May 2415%Oct 2015%Oct 2015%overcastmostly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

Eilat does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from -0% to 5%, with an average value of 2%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 5% on January 19.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Eilat experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Eilat. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 16, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The least rain falls around June 24, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in Eilat0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 in1.2 in1.4 inJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 160.3 inJan 160.3 inJun 240.0 inJun 240.0 inNov 20.2 inNov 20.2 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Eilat varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 15 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 3 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:39 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 11 minutes later at 6:50 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 4:40 PM on December 1, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 3 minutes later at 7:44 PM on June 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Eilat during 2017, starting in the spring on March 24, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Eilat12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 115:39 AMJun 115:39 AM7:44 PMJun 307:44 PMJun 30Dec 14:40 PMDec 14:40 PM6:50 AMOct 286:50 AMOct 28Mar 24DSTMar 24DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Eilat, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 4% of 4% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Eilat0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecApr 140%Apr 140%Aug 249%Aug 249%humidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydrymuggymuggy
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Eilat experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from February 28 to September 25, with average wind speeds of more than 4.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 18, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from September 25 to February 28. The calmest day of the year is December 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Eilat is from the north throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Eilat0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Eilat is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from July 6 to September 29, with an average temperature above 79°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 12, with an average temperature of 81°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.0 months, from December 27 to April 28, with an average temperature below 72°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 23, with an average temperature of 69°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 4 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 8.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 6 to February 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Eilatbrightdarkdark0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 218.8 kWhJun 218.8 kWhDec 213.7 kWhDec 213.7 kWhMay 47.7 kWhMay 47.7 kWhAug 257.7 kWhAug 257.7 kWhNov 64.7 kWhNov 64.7 kWhFeb 64.7 kWhFeb 64.7 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Eilat are 29.558 deg latitude, 34.948 deg longitude, and 217 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Eilat contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,168 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 283 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,344 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (6,119 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Eilat is covered by bare soil (75%) and water (15%), within 10 miles by bare soil (83%) and water (16%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (90%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Eilat, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Eilat.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Eilat according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Eilat is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Eilat and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Eilat Airport (100%, 1.2 kilometers, east) and El Tor (0.5%, 197 kilometers, southwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.