Average Weather in Arma Kansas, United States
In Arma, the summers are hot, muggy, and wet; the winters are short, very cold, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 26°F to 91°F and is rarely below 10°F or above 99°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Arma for warm-weather activities is from mid May to early October.
The hot season lasts for 3.5 months, from June 2 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 82°F. The hottest day of the year is July 21, with an average high of 91°F and low of 71°F.
The cold season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 27 to February 24, with an average daily high temperature below 54°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of 26°F and high of 45°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Arma, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Arma begins around June 9 and lasts for 4.8 months, ending around November 3. On September 19, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 72% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 28% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 3 and lasts for 7.2 months, ending around June 9. On February 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 50% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 50% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Arma varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.6 months, from March 27 to September 15, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 46% on June 4.
The drier season lasts 6.4 months, from September 15 to March 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 12% on January 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 46% on June 4.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Arma experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Arma. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 19, with an average total accumulation of 5.4 inches.
The least rain falls around January 20, with an average total accumulation of 1.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Arma experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from November 21 to March 10, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 18, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.4 months, from March 10 to November 21. The least snow falls around July 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Arma varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 34 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 46 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:56 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 49 minutes later at 7:45 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:00 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 44 minutes later at 8:44 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Arma during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
Arma experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from May 13 to September 27, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 21% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 22, with muggy conditions 83% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 27, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Arma experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.2 months, from October 14 to May 21, with average wind speeds of more than 9.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.8 months, from May 21 to October 14. The calmest day of the year is August 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Arma varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 1.4 months, from January 10 to February 22, with a peak percentage of 35% on January 28. The wind is most often from the south for 11 months, from February 22 to January 10, with a peak percentage of 35% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Arma throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Arma for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid May to early October, with a peak score in the second week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Arma for hot-weather activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Arma typically lasts for 6.8 months (209 days), from around April 3 to around October 29, rarely starting before March 17 or after April 20, and rarely ending before October 11 or after November 19.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Arma should appear around March 3, only rarely appearing before February 16 or after March 21.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from May 1 to August 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 9, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 5 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Arma are 37.544 deg latitude, -94.700 deg longitude, and 968 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Arma contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 141 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 976 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (276 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (640 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Arma is covered by cropland (79%) and grassland (12%), within 10 miles by cropland (66%) and trees (21%), and within 50 miles by cropland (78%) and trees (14%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Arma, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Arma.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Arma according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Arma is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Arma and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Atkinson Municipal Airport (90%, 11 kilometers, south); Chanute Martin Johnson Airport (6%, 71 kilometers, west); Clinton Memorial Airport (2.3%, 127 kilometers, northeast); and New Century AirCenter (1.9%, 144 kilometers, north).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .