1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. Zambia
  3. Muchinga

Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Chama Zambia

In Chama, the wet season is muggy and overcast, the dry season is windy and mostly clear, and it is hot year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 56°F to 97°F and is rarely below 52°F or above 101°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Chama for hot-weather activities is from late August to late October.

Climate in Chama

warmhotswelteringhotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow87%87%12%12%clearovercastprecipitation: 8.2 inprecipitation: 8.2 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 89%muggy: 89%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 7.8beach/pool score: 7.84.24.2
Chama weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature in Chama

The hot season lasts for 2.0 months, from September 26 to November 26, with an average daily high temperature above 94°F. The hottest day of the year is October 30, with an average high of 97°F and low of 71°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from May 8 to August 5, with an average daily high temperature below 84°F. The coldest day of the year is July 5, with an average low of 56°F and high of 81°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Chama

Average High and Low Temperature in ChamahotcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJul 581°FJul 581°FOct 3097°FOct 3097°F56°F56°F71°F71°FSep 2694°FSep 2694°FMay 884°FMay 884°FAug 584°FAug 584°F67°F67°F71°F71°F62°F62°F58°F58°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Chama

Average Hourly Temperature in ChamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcoolcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmhotswelteringwarmcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Cuicatlan, Mexico (9,088 miles away); Wadgaon, India (3,452 miles); and Chik Ballāpur, India (3,502 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Chama (view comparison).

Compare Chama to another city:

Clouds

In Chama, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Chama begins around April 8 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around November 12. On July 17, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 87% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 13% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 12 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around April 8. On January 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 88% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 12% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Chama

Cloud Cover Categories in ChamaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 1787%Jul 1787%Jan 2512%Jan 2512%Apr 849%Apr 849%Nov 1250%Nov 1250%NowNowclearovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Chama varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.5 months, from November 26 to April 11, with a greater than 38% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 77% on January 21.

The drier season lasts 7.5 months, from April 11 to November 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on August 17.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 77% on January 21.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Chama

Daily Chance of Precipitation in ChamawetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jan 2177%Jan 2177%Aug 170%Aug 170%Jan 174%Jan 174%Nov 2638%Nov 2638%Apr 1138%Apr 1138%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Chama experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from October 23 to May 8, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 11, with an average total accumulation of 8.2 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from May 8 to October 23. The least rain falls around August 15, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Chama

Average Monthly Rainfall in ChamarainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in2 in2 in4 in4 in6 in6 in8 in8 in10 in10 in12 in12 in14 in14 inJan 118.2 inJan 118.2 inAug 150.0 inAug 150.0 inOct 230.5 inOct 230.5 inMay 80.5 inMay 80.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Chama does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 47 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2021, the shortest day is June 21, with 11 hours, 28 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 12 hours, 47 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Chama

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:13 AM on November 19, and the latest sunrise is 55 minutes later at 6:07 AM on July 11. The earliest sunset is at 5:30 PM on May 29, and the latest sunset is 48 minutes later at 6:18 PM on January 25.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Chama during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Chama

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in ChamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMNov 195:13 AMNov 195:13 AM6:18 PMJan 256:18 PMJan 25May 295:30 PMMay 295:30 PM6:07 AMJul 116:07 AMJul 11daySolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Chama

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Chama experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from November 25 to April 28, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 22% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is January 28, with muggy conditions 89% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is July 30, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Chama

Humidity Comfort Levels in ChamamuggymuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jul 300%Jul 300%89%Jan 2889%Jan 28Nov 2522%Nov 2522%Apr 2822%Apr 2822%NowNowmuggymuggyhumidhumiddrydrycomfortablecomfortableoppressiveoppressive
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Chama experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from May 27 to December 2, with average wind speeds of more than 8.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is October 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.8 months, from December 2 to May 27. The calmest day of the year is February 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Chama

Average Wind Speed in ChamawindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mphOct 1112.8 mphOct 1112.8 mphFeb 134.9 mphFeb 134.9 mphMay 278.9 mphMay 278.9 mphDec 28.9 mphDec 28.9 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Chama is from the east throughout the year.

Wind Direction in Chama

Wind Direction in ChamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNoweastnorthwestsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Chama throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Chama for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid May to early September, with a peak score in the second week of July.

Tourism Score in Chama

Tourism Score in Chamabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.48.43.73.7NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Chama for hot-weather activities is from late August to late October, with a peak score in the last week of September.

Beach/Pool Score in Chama

Beach/Pool Score in Chamabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.87.84.24.26.46.45.35.3NowNowcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Chama are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Chama

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in ChamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3NowNowcoolcomfortablewarmhotswelteringcold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days in Chama

Growing Degree Days in ChamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F1,000°F1,000°F2,000°F2,000°F3,000°F3,000°F4,000°F4,000°F5,000°F5,000°F6,000°F6,000°F7,000°F7,000°F8,000°F8,000°F9,000°F9,000°FJul 690°FJul 690°FAug 18900°FAug 18900°FSep 241,800°FSep 241,800°FJun 308,777°FJun 308,777°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.3 months, from September 7 to November 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is October 21, with an average of 7.6 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from December 19 to March 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is January 16, with an average of 4.8 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Chama

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in ChamabrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhOct 217.6 kWhOct 217.6 kWhJan 164.8 kWhJan 164.8 kWhSep 77.0 kWhSep 77.0 kWhDec 195.4 kWhDec 195.4 kWhMar 65.4 kWhMar 65.4 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Chama are -11.213 deg latitude, 33.152 deg longitude, and 2,510 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Chama contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 203 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,518 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (3,005 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,217 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Chama is covered by herbaceous vegetation (36%), grassland (36%), cropland (16%), and shrubs (12%), within 10 miles by shrubs (56%) and trees (17%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (36%) and trees (33%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Chama, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Chama is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Chama, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.