Average Weather in Ankara Turkey
In Ankara, the temperature typically varies from 23°F to 87°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 9°F or above 95°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 10 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 77°F. The hottest day of the year is August 3, with an average high of 87°F and low of 60°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 28 to March 8, with an average daily high temperature below 48°F. The coldest day of the year is January 24, with an average low of 23°F and high of 38°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Ankara varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 20 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 0 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:19 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 51 minutes later at 8:10 AM on January 6. The earliest sunset is at 5:23 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 58 minutes later at 8:21 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Ankara during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
In Ankara, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Ankara begins around May 28 and lasts for 4.3 months, ending around October 5. On August 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 98% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 2% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 5 and lasts for 7.7 months, ending around May 28. On December 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 54% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 46% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Ankara varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.3 months, from October 12 to June 21, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on April 29.
The drier season lasts 3.7 months, from June 21 to October 12. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on August 3.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 22% on April 29.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Ankara experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.9 months, from September 18 to July 15, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 24, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from July 15 to September 18. The least rain falls around August 13, with and average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Ankara experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from December 5 to March 13, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 8, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.7 months, from March 13 to December 5. The least snow falls around July 28, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Ankara, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Ankara does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.4 miles per hour of 3.9 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Ankara varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 3.0 months, from February 28 to May 27, with a peak percentage of 37% on April 9. The wind is most often from the east for 3.3 months, from August 1 to November 10, with a peak percentage of 44% on August 20. The wind is most often from the south for 3.6 months, from November 10 to February 28, with a peak percentage of 38% on December 13.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 17 to August 27, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 6, with an average of 8.2 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from November 1 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ankara are 39.920 deg latitude, 32.854 deg longitude, and 2,982 ft elevation (map ).
The topography within 2 miles of Ankara contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 627 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 2,979 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (2,894 feet). Within 50 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (5,154 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Ankara is covered by artificial surfaces (96%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (41%) and cropland (32%), and within 50 miles by cropland (55%) and grassland (18%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Ankara, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Ankara.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Ankara according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Ankara is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Ankara and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .