Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Pajok South Sudan
In Pajok, the wet season is hot, humid, and overcast and the dry season is sweltering and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 67°F to 99°F and is rarely below 65°F or above 104°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Pajok for hot-weather activities is from mid August to mid February.
Climate in Pajok
The hot season lasts for 2.7 months, from January 11 to April 1, with an average daily high temperature above 96°F. The hottest month of the year in Pajok is March, with an average high of 98°F and low of 73°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 6 to September 6, with an average daily high temperature below 86°F. The coldest month of the year in Pajok is July, with an average low of 67°F and high of 83°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Pajok
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Pajok
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Pajok, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Pajok begins around July 23 and lasts for 2.5 months, ending around October 6.
The clearest month of the year in Pajok is September, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 45% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 6 and lasts for 9.5 months, ending around July 23.
The cloudiest month of the year in Pajok is April, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 80% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Pajok
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Pajok varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.2 months, from April 3 to November 10, with a greater than 31% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Pajok is August, with an average of 16.6 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 4.8 months, from November 10 to April 3. The month with the fewest wet days in Pajok is January, with an average of 1.9 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Pajok is August, with an average of 16.6 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 57% on August 4.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Pajok
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pajok experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 10 months, from February 14 to December 16, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Pajok is May, with an average rainfall of 4.6 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from December 16 to February 14. The month with the least rain in Pajok is January, with an average rainfall of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Pajok
The length of the day in Pajok does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 20 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2023, the shortest day is December 22, with 11 hours, 54 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 21 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Pajok
The earliest sunrise is at 6:34 AM on October 28, and the latest sunrise is 31 minutes later at 7:04 AM on February 5. The earliest sunset is at 6:32 PM on November 8, and the latest sunset is 33 minutes later at 7:05 PM on July 19.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Pajok during 2023.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Pajok
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in Pajok
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Pajok
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Pajok experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from March 26 to November 28, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 18% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in Pajok is May, with 20.0 days that are muggy or worse.
The month with the fewest muggy days in Pajok is January, with 0.5 days that are muggy or worse.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Pajok
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Pajok experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from November 11 to April 20, with average wind speeds of more than 5.4 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Pajok is February, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.7 months, from April 20 to November 11. The calmest month of the year in Pajok is July, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Pajok
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Pajok varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 2.0 months, from May 7 to July 6, with a peak percentage of 40% on June 10. The wind is most often from the north for 2.2 months, from July 28 to October 3, with a peak percentage of 37% on August 21. The wind is most often from the east for 7.1 months, from October 3 to May 7, with a peak percentage of 63% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Pajok
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Pajok throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pajok for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.
Tourism Score in Pajok
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pajok for hot-weather activities is from mid August to mid February, with a peak score in the second week of September.
Beach/Pool Score in Pajok
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Pajok are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Pajok
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Pajok
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from January 2 to March 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Pajok is February, with an average of 6.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from June 5 to August 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.3 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Pajok is July, with an average of 5.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Pajok
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pajok are 3.865 deg latitude, 32.482 deg longitude, and 2,700 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Pajok contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 266 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,729 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,831 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (8,678 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Pajok is covered by shrubs (72%) and cropland (16%), within 10 miles by shrubs (78%) and trees (16%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (57%) and grassland (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Pajok, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Pajok is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Pajok, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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