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Average Weather in Kalevala Russia

In Kalevala, the summers are cool and partly cloudy and the winters are frigid, snowy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 2°F to 68°F and is rarely below -22°F or above 78°F.

Climate Summary

freezingvery coldcoldcoolcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec51%51%15%15%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.9 inprecipitation: 2.9 in0.6 in0.6 inmuggy: 1%muggy: 1%0%0%drydrytourism score: 5.7tourism score: 5.70.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kalevala for warm-weather activities is from late June to early August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.0 months, from May 31 to August 31, with an average daily high temperature above 57°F. The hottest day of the year is July 21, with an average high of 68°F and low of 53°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.6 months, from November 21 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 26°F. The coldest day of the year is January 25, with an average low of 2°F and high of 16°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in KalevalaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidvery coldcoolcoldcoolfreezingfreezingvery coldfrigidcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Bethel, Alaska, United States (3,710 miles away); Y, Alaska, United States (3,641 miles); and Maliotenam, Canada (3,352 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Kalevala (view comparison).

Clouds

In Kalevala, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Kalevala begins around April 15 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around September 17. On July 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 51% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 49% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 17 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around April 15. On January 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 85% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 15% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in KalevalaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 251%Jul 251%Jan 2315%Jan 2315%Apr 1533%Apr 1533%Sep 1734%Sep 1734%clearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kalevala varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.0 months, from April 28 to October 30, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on July 9.

The drier season lasts 6.0 months, from October 30 to April 28. The smallest chance of a wet day is 13% on February 25.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Kalevala changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 7.1 months, from April 7 to November 8. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 37% on July 9.

Snow alone is the most common for 4.9 months, from November 8 to April 7. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 18% on January 24.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in KalevalasnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 937%Jul 937%Feb 2513%Feb 2513%Apr 719%Apr 719%Nov 824%Nov 824%Jan 119%Jan 119%rainsnowmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kalevala experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from April 7 to November 17, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 22, with an average total accumulation of 2.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from November 17 to April 7. The least rain falls around January 24, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kalevala experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from October 6 to May 15, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 16, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.8 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from May 15 to October 6. The least snow falls around July 31, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Kalevala varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 3 hours, 26 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 22 hours, 20 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 1:47 AM on June 21, and the latest sunrise is 9 hours, 24 minutes later at 11:11 AM on December 24. The earliest sunset is at 2:35 PM on December 18, and the latest sunset is 9 hours, 31 minutes later at 12:06 AM on June 21.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kalevala during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in KalevalaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 211:47 AMJun 211:47 AM12:06 AMJun 2112:06 AMJun 21Dec 182:35 PMDec 182:35 PM11:11 AMDec 2411:11 AMDec 24daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Kalevala, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in KalevalaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 200%Mar 200%Jul 261%Jul 261%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Kalevala experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from October 1 to June 2, with average wind speeds of more than 5.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.0 months, from June 2 to October 1. The calmest day of the year is July 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in KalevalawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mphJan 246.6 mphJan 246.6 mphJul 235.0 mphJul 235.0 mphOct 15.8 mphOct 15.8 mphJun 25.8 mphJun 25.8 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kalevala varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.4 months, from February 9 to March 20; for 1.4 months, from March 26 to May 6; for 4.0 weeks, from June 14 to July 12; for 2.0 weeks, from July 16 to July 30; for 4.0 weeks, from August 17 to September 14; and for 2.1 weeks, from November 8 to November 23, with a peak percentage of 35% on February 15. The wind is most often from the west for 6.0 days, from March 20 to March 26; for 1.3 months, from May 6 to June 14; for 1.8 months, from September 14 to November 8; and for 2.5 months, from November 23 to February 9, with a peak percentage of 37% on October 14. The wind is most often from the east for 4.0 days, from July 12 to July 16 and for 2.6 weeks, from July 30 to August 17, with a peak percentage of 28% on August 2.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in KalevalaWSSWSSESWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%eastwestnorthsouth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kalevala throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kalevala for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to early August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in KalevalaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.75.70.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kalevala for hot-weather activities is from mid to late July, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in KalevalaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468101.91.90.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Kalevala typically lasts for 3.8 months (118 days), from around May 22 to around September 17, rarely starting before May 5 or after June 8, and rarely ending before August 27 or after October 6.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Kalevalagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2250%May 2250%Sep 1750%Sep 1750%Jun 890%Jun 890%Aug 2790%Aug 2790%May 510%May 510%Oct 610%Oct 610%0%Feb 250%Feb 25Jul 18100%Jul 18100%frigidvery coldcoldcoolfreezingcomfortable
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Kalevala should appear around June 3, only rarely appearing before May 23 or after June 17.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in KalevalaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°FJun 390°FJun 390°FDec 31899°FDec 31899°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from May 15 to August 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 5.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from October 4 to March 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kalevala are 65.199 deg latitude, 31.190 deg longitude, and 384 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kalevala contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 148 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 366 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (463 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (873 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kalevala is covered by trees (51%) and water (32%), within 10 miles by trees (56%) and water (42%), and within 50 miles by trees (73%) and water (20%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Kalevala, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Kalevala.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Kalevala according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Kalevala is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Kalevala and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Suomussalmi (56%, 107 kilometers, west) and Kuusamo Airport (44%, 126 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.