Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Kiev Ukraine
In Kiev, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, snowy, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 20°F to 78°F and is rarely below 1°F or above 88°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kiev for warm-weather activities is from mid June to late August.
Climate in Kiev
The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 16 to September 8, with an average daily high temperature above 69°F. The hottest month of the year in Kiev is July, with an average high of 77°F and low of 60°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 18 to March 12, with an average daily high temperature below 39°F. The coldest month of the year in Kiev is January, with an average low of 21°F and high of 30°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Kiev
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Kiev
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Kiev, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Kiev begins around April 22 and lasts for 5.8 months, ending around October 15.
The clearest month of the year in Kiev is July, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 15 and lasts for 6.2 months, ending around April 22.
The cloudiest month of the year in Kiev is December, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 71% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Kiev
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kiev varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.8 months, from May 12 to August 6, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Kiev is June, with an average of 9.3 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 9.2 months, from August 6 to May 12. The month with the fewest wet days in Kiev is January, with an average of 4.8 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Kiev changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from February 14 to January 12. The month with the most days of rain alone in Kiev is June, with an average of 9.3 days.
Snow alone is the most common for 1.1 months, from January 12 to February 14. The month with the most days of snow alone in Kiev is February, with an average of 1.8 days.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Kiev
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kiev experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 10 months, from February 17 to December 28, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Kiev is June, with an average rainfall of 2.5 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 1.6 months, from December 28 to February 17. The month with the least rain in Kiev is January, with an average rainfall of 0.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Kiev
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kiev experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from October 28 to April 5, with a sliding 31-day snowfall of at least 1.0 inches. The month with the most snow in Kiev is December, with an average snowfall of 4.7 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from April 5 to October 28. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Snowfall in Kiev
The length of the day in Kiev varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2023, the shortest day is December 22, with 8 hours, 0 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 27 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Kiev
The earliest sunrise is at 4:45 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 13 minutes later at 7:58 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 3:53 PM on December 12, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 20 minutes later at 9:13 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Kiev during 2023, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Kiev
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in Kiev
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Kiev
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Kiev, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 4% of 4% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Kiev
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Kiev experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from October 8 to April 23, with average wind speeds of more than 9.5 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Kiev is February, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.5 months, from April 23 to October 8. The calmest month of the year in Kiev is July, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Kiev
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kiev varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.6 weeks, from April 2 to April 27, with a peak percentage of 28% on April 7. The wind is most often from the north for 3.7 months, from April 27 to August 18, with a peak percentage of 36% on July 10. The wind is most often from the west for 7.5 months, from August 18 to April 2, with a peak percentage of 42% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Kiev
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kiev throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kiev for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to late August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
Tourism Score in Kiev
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kiev for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
Beach/Pool Score in Kiev
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Kiev typically lasts for 6.2 months (190 days), from around April 11 to around October 17, rarely starting before March 24 or after April 29, and rarely ending before September 30 or after November 4.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Kiev
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Kiev should appear around April 24, only rarely appearing before April 16 or after May 7.
Growing Degree Days in Kiev
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 1 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.4 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Kiev is June, with an average of 6.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from October 27 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.9 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Kiev is December, with an average of 0.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Kiev
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kiev are 50.455 deg latitude, 30.524 deg longitude, and 617 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kiev contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 397 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 441 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (479 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (518 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kiev is covered by artificial surfaces (75%) and water (14%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (45%) and trees (23%), and within 50 miles by cropland (51%) and trees (25%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kiev, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Kiev.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Kiev according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Kiev is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Kiev and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Kiev and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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