Average Weather in Odessa Ukraine
In Odessa, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are long, chilly, dry, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 84°F and is rarely below 8°F or above 92°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from May 31 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 74°F. The hottest day of the year is July 30, with an average high of 84°F and low of 64°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 22 to March 15, with an average daily high temperature below 45°F. The coldest day of the year is February 3, with an average low of 24°F and high of 35°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Odessa, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Odessa begins around May 20 and lasts for 4.4 months, ending around October 1. On August 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 83% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 17% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 1 and lasts for 7.6 months, ending around May 20. On January 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 62% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 38% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
Odessa does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 11% to 21%, with an average value of 14%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 21% on June 11.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Odessa experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Odessa. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 21, with an average total accumulation of 1.4 inches.
The least rain falls around January 31, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Odessa experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from November 18 to March 23, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from March 23 to November 18. The least snow falls around July 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Odessa varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 35 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 49 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:03 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 37 minutes later at 7:40 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 4:09 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 44 minutes later at 8:54 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Odessa during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Odessa experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 7 to September 11, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 4% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 24, with muggy conditions 15% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 28, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Odessa experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from September 24 to April 10, with average wind speeds of more than 5.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.5 months, from April 10 to September 24. The calmest day of the year is August 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Odessa varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 2.2 months, from March 28 to June 3, with a peak percentage of 34% on May 9. The wind is most often from the north for 9.8 months, from June 3 to March 28, with a peak percentage of 35% on January 1.
Odessa is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.2 months, from June 11 to September 17, with an average temperature above 67°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 5, with an average temperature of 74°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.9 months, from December 13 to April 11, with an average temperature below 46°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 17, with an average temperature of 39°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from April 30 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 8, with an average of 7.1 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 30 to February 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 27, with an average of 1.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Odessa are 46.477 deg latitude, 30.733 deg longitude, and 121 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Odessa contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 256 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 109 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (322 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (623 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Odessa is covered by artificial surfaces (87%), within 10 miles by water (45%) and artificial surfaces (25%), and within 50 miles by water (44%) and cropland (40%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Odessa, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Odessa International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Odessa.
At a distance of 7 kilometers from Odessa, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Odessa according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.