Average Weather in Kigali Rwanda
The climate in Kigali is warm and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 61°F to 82°F and is rarely below 58°F or above 87°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Kigali, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Kigali begins around June 5 and lasts for 3.6 months, ending around September 24. On August 13, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 24 and lasts for 8.4 months, ending around June 5. On April 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 81% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 19% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kigali varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.8 months, from September 29 to May 23, with a greater than 37% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 69% on April 19.
The drier season lasts 4.2 months, from May 23 to September 29. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on July 5.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 69% on April 19.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kigali experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from July 17 to June 27, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 13, with an average total accumulation of 5.7 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.9 weeks, from June 27 to July 17. The least rain falls around July 7, with and average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Kigali does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 14 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 1 minute of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 12 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:37 AM on November 7, and the latest sunrise is 31 minutes later at 6:08 AM on February 15. The earliest sunset is at 5:48 PM on October 29, and the latest sunset is 31 minutes later at 6:19 PM on February 6.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kigali during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Kigali experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from October 16 to May 29, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 4% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is April 20, with muggy conditions 14% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is July 20, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Kigali does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.4 miles per hour of 2.7 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kigali varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 2.4 months, from June 2 to August 13, with a peak percentage of 59% on July 18. The wind is most often from the east for 9.6 months, from August 13 to June 2, with a peak percentage of 45% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from July 3 to September 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is August 15, with an average of 6.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 1.4 months, from April 5 to May 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is May 2, with an average of 5.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kigali are -1.950 deg latitude, 30.059 deg longitude, and 4,829 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kigali contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,611 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,862 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,408 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (9,255 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kigali is covered by artificial surfaces (58%), cropland (22%), and trees (12%), within 10 miles by cropland (76%), and within 50 miles by cropland (68%) and grassland (10%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kigali, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Kigali International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Kigali.
At a distance of 9 kilometers from Kigali, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Kigali according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.