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Average Weather in Alexandria Egypt

In Alexandria, the temperature typically varies from 50°F to 86°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 44°F or above 89°F.

The hot season lasts for 4.1 months, from June 8 to October 11, with an average daily high temperature above 82°F. The hottest day of the year is August 10, with an average high of 86°F and low of 76°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 10 to March 18, with an average daily high temperature below 68°F. The coldest day of the year is February 4, with an average low of 50°F and high of 64°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDeccoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmhothot
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Sun

The length of the day in Alexandria varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 7 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 11 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:55 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 4 minutes later at 6:59 AM on January 9. The earliest sunset is at 4:57 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 11 minutes later at 7:08 PM on June 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Alexandria during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Clouds

In Alexandria, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Alexandria begins around May 22 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around October 21. On July 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 21 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around May 22. On December 9, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 31% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 69% of the time.

Cloud Cover

clearerclearercloudiercloudiercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecDec 931%Dec 931%Jul 10%Jul 10%May 2216%May 2216%Oct 2116%Oct 2116%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudypartly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearmostly clearclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Alexandria varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.5 months, from November 21 to March 4, with a greater than 6% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 12% on January 17.

The drier season lasts 8.6 months, from March 4 to November 21. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on June 28.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 12% on January 17.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Alexandria experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from November 30 to February 16, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 4, with an average total accumulation of 0.7 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 9.5 months, from February 16 to November 30. The least rain falls around July 22, with and average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Alexandria experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from June 1 to October 18, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 24% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 7, with muggy conditions 96% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 28, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

muggymuggy0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecDec 280%Dec 280%96%Aug 796%Aug 7Jun 125%Jun 125%Oct 1824%Oct 1824%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Alexandria experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from December 11 to April 18, with average wind speeds of more than 5.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.4 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.8 months, from April 18 to December 11. The calmest day of the year is September 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Alexandria varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 9.2 months, from March 4 to December 9, with a peak percentage of 79% on September 8. The wind is most often from the west for 2.8 months, from December 9 to March 4, with a peak percentage of 45% on December 24.

Wind Direction

WWNNWW0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestwestsouthsoutheasteastnorthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Alexandria is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.5 months, from July 2 to October 18, with an average temperature above 77°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 23, with an average temperature of 81°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.9 months, from December 31 to April 28, with an average temperature below 66°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 4, with an average temperature of 63°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line) with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 5 to August 27, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 27, with an average of 8.5 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 6 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 3.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Alexandria are 31.216 deg latitude, 29.955 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Alexandria contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 243 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 13 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (285 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (748 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Alexandria is covered by artificial surfaces (77%) and water (13%), within 10 miles by water (45%) and cropland (39%), and within 50 miles by water (53%) and cropland (32%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Alexandria, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Alexandria / Nouzha Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Alexandria.

At a distance of 4 kilometers from Alexandria, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Alexandria according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .