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  4. Abū Zabad

Average Weather in Abū Zabad Sudan

In Abū Zabad, the wet season is hot, muggy, and mostly cloudy and the dry season is sweltering, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 58°F to 104°F and is rarely below 51°F or above 108°F.

Climate Summary

hotswelteringhothotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec68%68%32%32%clearovercastprecipitation: 4.3 inprecipitation: 4.3 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 92%muggy: 92%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 7.6beach/pool score: 7.65.65.6
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Abū Zabad for hot-weather activities are from early February to early April and from mid October to mid December.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 2.1 months, from March 22 to May 27, with an average daily high temperature above 101°F. The hottest day of the year is April 21, with an average high of 104°F and low of 74°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.2 months, from July 12 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature below 91°F. The coldest day of the year is January 7, with an average low of 58°F and high of 89°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Abū ZabadJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcoolcoolcomfortablewarmwarmhotswelteringcomfortablecomfortablecomfortablesweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

San Luis Ixcán, Guatemala (7,929 miles away); Soygaon, India (3,118 miles); and Katherine, Australia (7,294 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Abū Zabad (view comparison).

Clouds

In Abū Zabad, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Abū Zabad begins around September 28 and lasts for 8.4 months, ending around June 10. On November 17, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around June 10 and lasts for 3.6 months, ending around September 28. On August 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 68% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 32% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Abū ZabadclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Nov 1768%Nov 1768%Aug 1232%Aug 1232%Sep 2849%Sep 2849%Jun 1050%Jun 1050%clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Abū Zabad varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.6 months, from June 17 to October 5, with a greater than 30% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 60% on August 8.

The drier season lasts 8.4 months, from October 5 to June 17. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on December 7.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 60% on August 8.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Abū ZabadwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 860%Aug 860%Dec 70%Dec 70%Jun 1730%Jun 1730%Oct 530%Oct 530%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Abū Zabad experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from May 3 to October 27, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 10, with an average total accumulation of 4.3 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from October 27 to May 3. The least rain falls around January 23, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Abū Zabad does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 51 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 24 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 51 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Abū ZabadJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 51 minJun 2112 hr, 51 minJun 2112 hr, 7 minSep 2212 hr, 7 minSep 2211 hr, 24 minDec 2111 hr, 24 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:36 AM on May 31, and the latest sunrise is 52 minutes later at 7:28 AM on January 24. The earliest sunset is at 6:34 PM on November 18, and the latest sunset is 58 minutes later at 7:32 PM on July 9.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Abū Zabad during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Abū ZabadJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMMay 316:36 AMMay 316:36 AM7:32 PMJul 97:32 PMJul 9Nov 186:34 PMNov 186:34 PM7:28 AMJan 247:28 AMJan 24daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Abū Zabad experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 22 to October 24, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 23% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 21, with muggy conditions 92% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 27, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Abū ZabadmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 270%Jan 270%92%Aug 2192%Aug 21May 2223%May 2223%Oct 2423%Oct 2423%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggydrydryhumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Abū Zabad experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from November 4 to April 24, with average wind speeds of more than 9.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 13.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.3 months, from April 24 to November 4. The calmest day of the year is September 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Abū ZabadwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mphFeb 1413.6 mphFeb 1413.6 mphSep 285.4 mphSep 285.4 mphNov 49.5 mphNov 49.5 mphApr 249.5 mphApr 249.5 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Abū Zabad varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 5.0 months, from May 14 to October 14, with a peak percentage of 73% on July 5. The wind is most often from the north for 7.0 months, from October 14 to May 14, with a peak percentage of 93% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Abū ZabadNSNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Abū Zabad throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Abū Zabad for general outdoor tourist activities is from late November to mid February, with a peak score in the first week of January.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Abū Zabadbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.17.13.43.4 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Abū Zabad for hot-weather activities are from early February to early April and from mid October to mid December, with a peak score in the second week of November.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Abū Zabadbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.67.65.65.67.17.16.46.45.85.8 precipitationprecipitationtemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Abū Zabad are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Abū ZabadJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3coolcomfortablewarmhotswelteringcold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Abū ZabadJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F2,000°F4,000°F6,000°F8,000°F10,000°FJan 590°FJan 590°FMar 171,800°FMar 171,800°FDec 3110,238°FDec 3110,238°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.2 months, from March 2 to May 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 11, with an average of 7.6 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from July 9 to September 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is August 12, with an average of 5.1 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Abū ZabadbrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhApr 117.6 kWhApr 117.6 kWhAug 125.1 kWhAug 125.1 kWhMar 27.1 kWhMar 27.1 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Abū Zabad are 12.350 deg latitude, 29.250 deg longitude, and 1,873 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Abū Zabad contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 115 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,863 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (266 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,864 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Abū Zabad is covered by cropland (60%), artificial surfaces (26%), and shrubs (11%), within 10 miles by cropland (70%), and within 50 miles by trees (28%) and cropland (27%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Abū Zabad, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Abū Zabad is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Abū Zabad, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.