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Average Weather in Fosston Minnesota, United States

In Fosston, the summers are long, warm, and partly cloudy and the winters are frigid, snowy, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -2°F to 79°F and is rarely below -24°F or above 88°F.

Climate Summary

freezingcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec73%73%32%32%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.8 inprecipitation: 3.8 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 17%muggy: 17%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.8tourism score: 6.80.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Fosston for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 4.1 months, from May 16 to September 19, with an average daily high temperature above 67°F. The hottest day of the year is July 24, with an average high of 79°F and low of 58°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from November 26 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 29°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of -2°F and high of 17°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in FosstonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidfreezingcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmfreezingvery coldvery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Rayevskiy, Russia (5,214 miles away) and Ussuriysk, Russia (5,495 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Fosston (view comparison).

Clouds

In Fosston, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Fosston begins around May 25 and lasts for 4.6 months, ending around October 12. On July 31, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 73% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 27% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 12 and lasts for 7.4 months, ending around May 25. On February 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 68% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 32% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in FosstonclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 3173%Jul 3173%Feb 332%Feb 332%May 2553%May 2553%Oct 1253%Oct 1253%clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Fosston varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.0 months, from April 26 to September 24, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on June 28.

The drier season lasts 7.0 months, from September 24 to April 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 6% on February 8.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Fosston changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.0 months, from March 14 to November 14. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 39% on June 28.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.9 months, from November 14 to March 14. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on January 13.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fosston experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from March 21 to November 14, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 22, with an average total accumulation of 3.8 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from November 14 to March 21. The least rain falls around January 9, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fosston experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from October 23 to April 28, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 3, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.9 months, from April 28 to October 23. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in FosstonsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 in4.0 inJan 30.3 inJan 30.3 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inMar 90.3 inMar 90.3 inOct 230.1 inOct 230.1 inApr 280.1 inApr 280.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Fosston varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 26 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 59 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:24 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 46 minutes later at 8:11 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 4:31 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 53 minutes later at 9:24 PM on June 25.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Fosston during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in FosstonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 165:24 AMJun 165:24 AM9:24 PMJun 259:24 PMJun 25Dec 114:31 PMDec 114:31 PM8:11 AMDec 318:11 AMDec 31Mar 11DSTMar 11DSTDSTNov 4DSTNov 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Fosston experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from June 11 to September 8, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 4% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 18, with muggy conditions 17% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 7, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in FosstonmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 70%Dec 70%Jul 1817%Jul 1817%Jun 114%Jun 114%Sep 84%Sep 84%drydrycomfortablecomfortablemuggymuggyoppressiveoppressive
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Fosston experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 8.5 months, from September 12 to May 27, with average wind speeds of more than 11.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 27 to September 12. The calmest day of the year is July 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in FosstonwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mphMar 2112.7 mphMar 2112.7 mphJul 279.5 mphJul 279.5 mphSep 1211.1 mphSep 1211.1 mphMay 2711.1 mphMay 2711.1 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Fosston varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 3.1 months, from February 3 to May 7, with a peak percentage of 35% on April 12. The wind is most often from the south for 6.9 months, from May 7 to December 4, with a peak percentage of 39% on August 26. The wind is most often from the west for 2.0 months, from December 4 to February 3, with a peak percentage of 33% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in FosstonWNSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Fosston throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Fosston for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Fosstonbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.86.80.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Fosston for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in FosstonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468104.04.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Fosston typically lasts for 4.5 months (139 days), from around May 12 to around September 28, rarely starting before April 20 or after May 30, and rarely ending before September 11 or after October 16.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Fosstongrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1250%May 1250%Sep 2850%Sep 2850%May 3090%May 3090%Sep 1190%Sep 1190%Apr 2010%Apr 2010%Oct 1610%Oct 1610%0%Dec 50%Dec 5Jul 22100%Jul 22100%frigidfreezingcoolcomfortablewarmcoldhotvery cold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Fosston should appear around May 3, only rarely appearing before April 19 or after May 20.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 3 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 9, with an average of 7.0 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 27 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 1.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Fosston are 47.576 deg latitude, -95.751 deg longitude, and 1,280 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Fosston is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 72 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,284 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (384 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,184 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Fosston is covered by cropland (93%), within 10 miles by cropland (82%) and trees (15%), and within 50 miles by cropland (59%) and trees (29%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Fosston, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Fosston.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Fosston according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Fosston is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Fosston and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Fosston Municipal Airport (98%, 2.6 kilometers, northwest); Bemidji-Beltrami County Airport (0.8%, 62 kilometers, east); Detroit Lakes Airport (0.5%, 83 kilometers, south); and Park Rapids Municipal-Konshok Field Airport (0.5%, 91 kilometers, southeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.