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Average Weather in Põlva Estonia

In Põlva, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, dry, windy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 16°F to 72°F and is rarely below -6°F or above 82°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Põlva for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid August.

Climate Summary

freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow56%56%19%19%overcastclearprecipitation: 3.0 inprecipitation: 3.0 in0.9 in0.9 inmuggy: 4%muggy: 4%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.6tourism score: 6.60.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.5 months, from May 21 to September 4, with an average daily high temperature above 63°F. The hottest day of the year is July 22, with an average high of 72°F and low of 55°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 21 to March 14, with an average daily high temperature below 35°F. The coldest day of the year is February 5, with an average low of 16°F and high of 26°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in PõlvawarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-10°F-10°F0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FFeb 526°FFeb 526°FJul 2272°FJul 2272°F16°F16°F55°F55°FMay 2163°FMay 2163°FSep 463°FSep 463°FNov 2135°FNov 2135°FMar 1435°FMar 1435°F44°F44°F48°F48°F28°F28°F23°F23°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in PõlvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablevery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Haines, Alaska, United States (4,281 miles away); Ontonagon, Michigan, United States (4,337 miles); and Stamford, New York, United States (4,181 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Põlva (view comparison).

Clouds

In Põlva, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Põlva begins around April 11 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around October 1. On July 18, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 1 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around April 11. On January 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 81% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 19% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in PõlvaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 1856%Jul 1856%Jan 2319%Jan 2319%Apr 1137%Apr 1137%Oct 138%Oct 138%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Põlva varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.2 months, from May 25 to November 30, with a greater than 28% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on June 23.

The drier season lasts 5.8 months, from November 30 to May 25. The smallest chance of a wet day is 19% on March 2.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Põlva changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 9.7 months, from February 16 to December 9. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 37% on June 23.

Snow alone is the most common for 2.3 months, from December 9 to February 16. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 12% on January 1.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in PõlvasnowrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jun 2337%Jun 2337%Mar 219%Mar 219%Dec 925%Dec 925%NowNowsnowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Põlva experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from February 23 to January 30, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 23, with an average total accumulation of 3.0 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.5 weeks, from January 30 to February 23. The least rain falls around February 13, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in PõlvarainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 in6 in6 inJun 233.0 inJun 233.0 inFeb 130.5 inFeb 130.5 inAug 82.6 inAug 82.6 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Põlva experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from October 19 to April 19, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.7 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from April 19 to October 19. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in PõlvasnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 inDec 250.7 inDec 250.7 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inOct 190.1 inOct 190.1 inApr 190.1 inApr 190.1 inNowNow
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Põlva varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 6 hours, 26 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 18 hours, 12 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:07 AM on June 18, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 51 minutes later at 8:58 AM on December 27. The earliest sunset is at 3:21 PM on December 15, and the latest sunset is 6 hours, 58 minutes later at 10:19 PM on June 23.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Põlva during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in PõlvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 184:07 AMJun 184:07 AM10:19 PMJun 2310:19 PMJun 23Dec 153:21 PMDec 153:21 PM8:58 AMDec 278:58 AMDec 27Mar 28DSTMar 28DSTDSTOct 31DSTOct 31daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Põlva, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in PõlvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Nov 80%Nov 80%Jul 244%Jul 244%NowNowcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Põlva experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from September 26 to April 8, with average wind speeds of more than 10.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.6 months, from April 8 to September 26. The calmest day of the year is July 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in PõlvawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mph18 mph18 mph20 mph20 mphJan 2412.3 mphJan 2412.3 mphJul 228.5 mphJul 228.5 mphSep 2610.4 mphSep 2610.4 mphApr 810.4 mphApr 810.4 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Põlva varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 2.0 months, from January 31 to March 30 and for 2.5 months, from October 6 to December 23, with a peak percentage of 42% on November 25. The wind is most often from the west for 6.2 months, from March 30 to October 6 and for 1.3 months, from December 23 to January 31, with a peak percentage of 39% on August 15.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in PõlvaWSWSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Põlva throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Põlva for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Põlvabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.66.60.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Põlva for hot-weather activities is from mid July to early August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in PõlvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810103.23.20.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Põlva typically lasts for 5.1 months (156 days), from around May 3 to around October 6, rarely starting before April 15 or after May 20, and rarely ending before September 16 or after October 26.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Põlvagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 350%May 350%Oct 650%Oct 650%May 2090%May 2090%Sep 1690%Sep 1690%Apr 1510%Apr 1510%Oct 2610%Oct 2610%0%Feb 150%Feb 15Jul 19100%Jul 19100%NowNowfrigidfreezingvery coldcoolcomfortablecoldwarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Põlva should appear around May 11, only rarely appearing before May 1 or after May 23.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in PõlvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F200°F200°F400°F400°F600°F600°F800°F800°F1,000°F1,000°F1,200°F1,200°F1,400°F1,400°F1,600°F1,600°F1,800°F1,800°FMay 1190°FMay 1190°FJul 28900°FJul 28900°FDec 311,454°FDec 311,454°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 3 to August 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 3, with an average of 6.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from October 15 to February 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 0.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in PõlvabrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJul 36.1 kWhJul 36.1 kWhDec 210.2 kWhDec 210.2 kWhMay 34.9 kWhMay 34.9 kWhAug 124.9 kWhAug 124.9 kWhOct 151.4 kWhOct 151.4 kWhFeb 231.4 kWhFeb 231.4 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Põlva are 58.060 deg latitude, 27.069 deg longitude, and 210 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Põlva contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 207 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 225 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (446 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (961 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Põlva is covered by cropland (42%), trees (41%), and artificial surfaces (14%), within 10 miles by trees (52%) and cropland (37%), and within 50 miles by trees (53%) and cropland (22%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Põlva, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Põlva.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Põlva according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Põlva is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Põlva and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Tartu Ülenurme Airport (79%, 35 kilometers, northwest) and Pskov Airport (21%, 84 kilometers, east).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.