Average Weather in Atchison Kansas, United States
In Atchison, the summers are hot, muggy, and wet; the winters are short, freezing, dry, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 20°F to 89°F and is rarely below 3°F or above 97°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Atchison for warm-weather activities is from late May to late September.
The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 28 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 89°F and low of 69°F.
The cold season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 28 to February 26, with an average daily high temperature below 48°F. The coldest day of the year is January 6, with an average low of 20°F and high of 38°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
Yerevan, Armenia (6,375 miles away); Osh City, Kyrgyzstan (6,858 miles); and Cheongju-si, South Korea (6,524 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Atchison (view comparison).
In Atchison, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Atchison begins around June 9 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around October 30. On August 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 72% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 28% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 30 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around June 9. On February 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 51% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 49% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Atchison varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.9 months, from March 28 to September 26, with a greater than 26% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 43% on June 8.
The drier season lasts 6.1 months, from September 26 to March 28. The smallest chance of a wet day is 8% on January 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Atchison changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 12 months, from January 18 to January 5. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 43% on June 8.
Snow alone is the most common for 1.9 weeks, from January 5 to January 18. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 5% on February 1.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Atchison experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from January 27 to December 31, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 1, with an average total accumulation of 4.8 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.9 weeks, from December 31 to January 27. The least rain falls around January 13, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Atchison experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from November 17 to March 22, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 19, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from March 22 to November 17. The least snow falls around July 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Atchison varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 22 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 58 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:52 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 59 minutes later at 7:51 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:56 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 56 minutes later at 8:52 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Atchison during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
Atchison experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 28 to September 20, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 17% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 23, with muggy conditions 69% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 8, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Atchison experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from October 12 to May 23, with average wind speeds of more than 10.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.7 months, from May 23 to October 12. The calmest day of the year is August 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Atchison varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 8.2 months, from March 31 to December 7, with a peak percentage of 54% on July 5. The wind is most often from the north for 3.8 months, from December 7 to March 31, with a peak percentage of 35% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Atchison throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Atchison for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Atchison for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Atchison typically lasts for 6.2 months (188 days), from around April 12 to around October 18, rarely starting before March 25 or after April 30, and rarely ending before September 26 or after November 7.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Atchison should appear around March 23, only rarely appearing before March 10 or after April 13.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from April 28 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 2, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 4 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Atchison are 39.563 deg latitude, -95.122 deg longitude, and 899 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Atchison contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 279 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 875 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (397 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (705 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Atchison is covered by cropland (50%), artificial surfaces (30%), and trees (14%), within 10 miles by cropland (77%) and trees (17%), and within 50 miles by cropland (71%) and trees (11%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Atchison, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Atchison.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Atchison according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Atchison is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Atchison and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Rosecrans Memorial Airport (42%, 29 kilometers, northeast); Kansas City International Airport (22%, 45 kilometers, southeast); Lawrence Municipal Airport (13%, 62 kilometers, south); Philip Billard Municipal Airport (11%, 70 kilometers, southwest); and Brenner Field (11%, 70 kilometers, northwest).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .