Average Weather in Sărmaş Romania
In Sărmaş, the summers are comfortable, the winters are freezing and snowy, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 17°F to 71°F and is rarely below 1°F or above 81°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 21 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 63°F. The hottest day of the year is August 3, with an average high of 71°F and low of 53°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 24 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 37°F. The coldest day of the year is February 3, with an average low of 17°F and high of 29°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Sărmaş, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Sărmaş begins around June 15 and lasts for 3.0 months, ending around September 16. On August 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 74% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 26% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 16 and lasts for 9.0 months, ending around June 15. On December 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 64% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 36% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Sărmaş varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.4 months, from April 17 to August 29, with a greater than 24% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on June 13.
The drier season lasts 7.6 months, from August 29 to April 17. The smallest chance of a wet day is 10% on January 23.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Sărmaş changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 9.2 months, from March 2 to December 6. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 39% on June 13.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.8 months, from December 6 to March 2. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on February 8.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sărmaş experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.1 months, from March 17 to November 20, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 25, with an average total accumulation of 2.8 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from November 20 to March 17. The least rain falls around January 26, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sărmaş experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from October 30 to April 24, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from April 24 to October 30. The least snow falls around July 16, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Sărmaş varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 31 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 53 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:22 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 41 minutes later at 8:03 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 4:29 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 47 minutes later at 9:16 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Sărmaş during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Sărmaş, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Sărmaş experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 30 to April 29, with average wind speeds of more than 2.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 29 to November 30. The calmest day of the year is August 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Sărmaş varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 5.0 days, from April 26 to May 1, with a peak percentage of 30% on April 30. The wind is most often from the west for 12 months, from May 1 to April 26, with a peak percentage of 50% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 3 to August 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 9, with an average of 6.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 31 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 26, with an average of 1.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sărmaş are 46.883 deg latitude, 25.467 deg longitude, and 2,684 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Sărmaş contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,581 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,753 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,255 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,795 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Sărmaş is covered by cropland (32%), trees (30%), and grassland (28%), within 10 miles by trees (50%) and grassland (28%), and within 50 miles by trees (60%) and cropland (18%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Sărmaş, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Sărmaş.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Sărmaş according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Sărmaş is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Sărmaş and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Târgu Mureș Transilvania Airport (39%, 93 kilometers, southwest); Suceava / Salcea Airport (33%, 112 kilometers, northeast); and Bacău "George Enescu" International Airport (28%, 117 kilometers, east).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.