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Average Weather in Salacgrīva Latvia

In Salacgrīva, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 22°F to 71°F and is rarely below 4°F or above 80°F.

Climate Summary

freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec58%58%26%26%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.3 inprecipitation: 2.3 in1.1 in1.1 inmuggy: 4%muggy: 4%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.0tourism score: 7.00.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Salacgrīva for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 7 to September 8, with an average daily high temperature above 63°F. The hottest day of the year is July 25, with an average high of 71°F and low of 58°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 29 to March 21, with an average daily high temperature below 38°F. The coldest day of the year is February 9, with an average low of 22°F and high of 30°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in SalacgrīvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcoldcoldcoolfreezingvery coldvery coldcomfortablefreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Digby, Canada (3,708 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Salacgrīva (view comparison).

Clouds

In Salacgrīva, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Salacgrīva begins around April 16 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around October 15. On July 18, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 58% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 42% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 15 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around April 16. On January 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 74% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 26% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in SalacgrīvaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 1858%Jul 1858%Jan 2126%Jan 2126%Apr 1642%Apr 1642%Oct 1543%Oct 1543%clearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Salacgrīva varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.5 months, from June 9 to January 24, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 35% on October 25.

The drier season lasts 4.5 months, from January 24 to June 9. The smallest chance of a wet day is 19% on April 19.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 34% on October 25.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in SalacgrīvawetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Oct 2535%Oct 2535%Apr 1919%Apr 1919%Jan 130%Jan 130%Jun 927%Jun 927%Jan 2427%Jan 2427%rainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Salacgrīva experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Salacgrīva. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 18, with an average total accumulation of 2.3 inches.

The least rain falls around February 25, with an average total accumulation of 0.8 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Salacgrīva experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from November 11 to April 4, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.2 months, from April 4 to November 11. The least snow falls around July 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in SalacgrīvasnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 inDec 250.4 inDec 250.4 inJul 240.0 inJul 240.0 inFeb 10.4 inFeb 10.4 inNov 110.1 inNov 110.1 inApr 40.1 inApr 40.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Salacgrīva varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 6 hours, 31 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 18 hours, 7 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in SalacgrīvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 12 minMar 2012 hr, 12 minMar 2018 hr, 6 minJun 2118 hr, 6 minJun 2112 hr, 14 minSep 2212 hr, 14 minSep 226 hr, 31 minDec 216 hr, 31 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:20 AM on June 18, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 46 minutes later at 9:06 AM on December 28. The earliest sunset is at 3:34 PM on December 15, and the latest sunset is 6 hours, 53 minutes later at 10:27 PM on June 23.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Salacgrīva during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in SalacgrīvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 184:20 AMJun 184:20 AM10:27 PMJun 2310:27 PMJun 23Dec 153:34 PMDec 153:34 PM9:06 AMDec 289:06 AMDec 28Mar 26DSTMar 26DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Salacgrīva, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in SalacgrīvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 80%Mar 80%Jul 274%Jul 274%drydrycomfortablecomfortablehumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Salacgrīva experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from September 21 to March 12, with average wind speeds of more than 12.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 15.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.3 months, from March 12 to September 21. The calmest day of the year is May 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in SalacgrīvawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mph22 mph24 mphDec 3115.7 mphDec 3115.7 mphMay 2510.0 mphMay 2510.0 mphSep 2112.9 mphSep 2112.9 mphMar 1212.9 mphMar 1212.9 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Salacgrīva varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 1.6 weeks, from January 5 to January 16 and for 5.8 months, from April 7 to October 1, with a peak percentage of 39% on June 28. The wind is most often from the south for 2.7 months, from January 16 to April 7 and for 3.1 months, from October 1 to January 5, with a peak percentage of 36% on February 17.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in SalacgrīvaWSWSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%eastwestnorthsouth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Salacgrīva is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.7 months, from June 28 to September 18, with an average temperature above 59°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 7, with an average temperature of 65°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.2 months, from December 18 to April 26, with an average temperature below 39°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 28, with an average temperature of 32°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Salacgrīva throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Salacgrīva for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Salacgrīvabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.07.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Salacgrīva for hot-weather activities is from mid July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in SalacgrīvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.33.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Salacgrīva typically lasts for 6.1 months (187 days), from around April 24 to around October 28, rarely starting before April 5 or after May 12, and rarely ending before October 8 or after November 22.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Salacgrīvagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 2450%Apr 2450%Oct 2850%Oct 2890%May 1290%May 1290%Oct 890%Oct 810%Apr 510%Apr 510%Nov 2210%Nov 220%Dec 270%Dec 27Jul 24100%Jul 24100%very coldcoldcoolfrigidfreezingcomfortable
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Salacgrīva should appear around May 20, only rarely appearing before May 9 or after June 2.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in SalacgrīvaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°F1,200°F1,400°F1,600°F1,800°FMay 2090°FMay 2090°FAug 2900°FAug 2900°FDec 311,513°FDec 311,513°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 4 to August 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 25, with an average of 6.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from October 17 to February 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 0.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Salacgrīva are 57.754 deg latitude, 24.358 deg longitude, and 16 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Salacgrīva is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 79 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 19 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (207 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (564 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Salacgrīva is covered by water (36%), cropland (32%), and trees (20%), within 10 miles by water (48%) and trees (34%), and within 50 miles by water (49%) and trees (31%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Salacgrīva, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Salacgrīva.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Salacgrīva according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Salacgrīva is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Salacgrīva and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Riga (55%, 89 kilometers, south); Tartu Ülenurme Airport (25%, 151 kilometers, northeast); and Ventspils International Airport (20%, 173 kilometers, west).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.