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Average Weather in Lihula Estonia

In Lihula, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, dry, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 20°F to 71°F and is rarely below 2°F or above 80°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Lihula for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid August.

Climate Summary

freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec58%58%26%26%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.1 inprecipitation: 2.1 in1.0 in1.0 inmuggy: 3%muggy: 3%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.8tourism score: 6.80.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 2 to September 6, with an average daily high temperature above 63°F. The hottest day of the year is July 25, with an average high of 71°F and low of 55°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 27 to March 20, with an average daily high temperature below 38°F. The coldest day of the year is February 10, with an average low of 20°F and high of 29°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in LihulaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablefreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Terrace, Canada (4,472 miles away) and Machiasport, Maine, United States (3,710 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Lihula (view comparison).

Clouds

In Lihula, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Lihula begins around April 18 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around October 9. On July 17, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 58% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 42% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 9 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around April 18. On January 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 74% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 26% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in LihulaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 1758%Jul 1758%Jan 2026%Jan 2026%Apr 1842%Apr 1842%Oct 943%Oct 943%clearmostly clearpartly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Lihula varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.5 months, from June 9 to January 26, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 32% on November 10.

The drier season lasts 4.4 months, from January 26 to June 9. The smallest chance of a wet day is 19% on April 24.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 30% on October 18.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in LihulawetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 1032%Nov 1032%Apr 2419%Apr 2419%Jan 129%Jan 129%Jun 925%Jun 925%Jan 2625%Jan 2625%rainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Lihula experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Lihula. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 8, with an average total accumulation of 2.1 inches.

The least rain falls around February 25, with an average total accumulation of 0.7 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Lihula experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from November 1 to April 12, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 26, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from April 12 to November 1. The least snow falls around July 17, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in LihulasnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 inDec 260.4 inDec 260.4 inJul 170.0 inJul 170.0 inNov 10.1 inNov 10.1 inApr 120.1 inApr 120.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Lihula varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 6 hours, 16 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 18 hours, 24 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:14 AM on June 19, and the latest sunrise is 5 hours, 2 minutes later at 9:16 AM on December 27. The earliest sunset is at 3:29 PM on December 16, and the latest sunset is 7 hours, 9 minutes later at 10:38 PM on June 23.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Lihula during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in LihulaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 194:14 AMJun 194:14 AM10:38 PMJun 2310:38 PMJun 23Dec 163:29 PMDec 163:29 PM9:16 AMDec 279:16 AMDec 27Mar 25DSTMar 25DSTDSTOct 28DSTOct 28daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Lihula, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in LihulaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 50%Nov 50%Jul 253%Jul 253%comfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Lihula experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from September 22 to March 16, with average wind speeds of more than 12.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 14.9 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.2 months, from March 16 to September 22. The calmest day of the year is July 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in LihulawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mph22 mphDec 3114.9 mphDec 3114.9 mphJul 2010.0 mphJul 2010.0 mphSep 2212.4 mphSep 2212.4 mphMar 1612.4 mphMar 1612.4 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Lihula varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 2.6 months, from January 25 to April 13 and for 2.3 months, from October 8 to December 18, with a peak percentage of 37% on November 24. The wind is most often from the west for 5.8 months, from April 13 to October 8 and for 1.2 months, from December 18 to January 25, with a peak percentage of 38% on June 23.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in LihulaWSWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Lihula is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.6 months, from June 29 to September 17, with an average temperature above 58°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 6, with an average temperature of 64°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.3 months, from December 18 to April 27, with an average temperature below 39°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 1, with an average temperature of 33°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Lihula throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Lihula for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Lihulabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.86.80.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Lihula for hot-weather activities is from mid July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in LihulaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.03.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Lihula typically lasts for 5.5 months (168 days), from around April 30 to around October 15, rarely starting before April 11 or after May 19, and rarely ending before September 22 or after November 4.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Lihulagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Apr 3050%Apr 3050%Oct 1550%Oct 1550%May 1990%May 1990%Sep 2290%Sep 2290%Apr 1110%Apr 1110%Nov 410%Nov 410%0%Feb 100%Feb 10Jul 20100%Jul 20100%freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarm
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Lihula should appear around May 19, only rarely appearing before May 8 or after June 2.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in LihulaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°F1,200°F1,400°F1,600°FMay 1990°FMay 1990°FAug 5900°FAug 5900°FDec 311,383°FDec 311,383°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 4 to August 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 6.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from October 16 to February 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 0.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Lihula are 58.681 deg latitude, 23.845 deg longitude, and 52 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Lihula is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 89 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 52 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (174 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (374 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Lihula is covered by cropland (47%), trees (27%), artificial surfaces (12%), and grassland (11%), within 10 miles by trees (49%) and cropland (22%), and within 50 miles by water (39%) and trees (37%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Lihula, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Lihula.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Lihula according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Lihula is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Lihula and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Tallinn Airport (56%, 99 kilometers, northeast); Tartu Ülenurme Airport (25%, 171 kilometers, east); and Ventspils International Airport (20%, 197 kilometers, southwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.