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Average Weather in Cottonwood Falls Kansas, United States

In Cottonwood Falls, the summers are hot, humid, and wet; the winters are very cold, dry, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 23°F to 91°F and is rarely below 7°F or above 100°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Cottonwood Falls for warm-weather activities is from late May to late September.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec73%73%51%51%clearovercastprecipitation: 4.7 inprecipitation: 4.7 in0.6 in0.6 inmuggy: 62%muggy: 62%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.4tourism score: 6.40.30.3
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.4 months, from June 3 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is July 21, with an average high of 91°F and low of 70°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 26 to February 25, with an average daily high temperature below 50°F. The coldest day of the year is January 3, with an average low of 23°F and high of 40°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Cottonwood FallsJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezingvery coldfreezingwarmfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Meghri, Armenia (6,606 miles away) and Gwangju, South Korea (6,653 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Cottonwood Falls (view comparison).

Clouds

In Cottonwood Falls, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Cottonwood Falls begins around June 8 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around November 4. On July 9, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 73% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 27% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 4 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around June 8. On February 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 49% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 51% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Cottonwood FallsclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 973%Jul 973%Feb 1151%Feb 1151%Jun 861%Jun 861%Nov 462%Nov 462%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Cottonwood Falls varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.1 months, from March 31 to October 3, with a greater than 24% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 43% on June 8.

The drier season lasts 5.9 months, from October 3 to March 31. The smallest chance of a wet day is 6% on January 12.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Cottonwood Falls changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 12 months, from January 12 to January 5. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 43% on June 8.

Snow alone is the most common for 1.0 weeks, from January 5 to January 12. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 4% on January 31.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Cottonwood FallsrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 843%Jun 843%Jan 126%Jan 126%Jan 18%Jan 18%Mar 3124%Mar 3124%Oct 324%Oct 324%rainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Cottonwood Falls experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from January 27 to December 29, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 1, with an average total accumulation of 4.7 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.1 weeks, from December 29 to January 27. The least rain falls around January 12, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Cottonwood Falls experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from November 18 to March 26, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 31, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from March 26 to November 18. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Cottonwood FallssnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 inJan 310.3 inJan 310.3 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inDec 190.3 inDec 190.3 inMar 260.1 inMar 260.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Cottonwood Falls varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 29 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 51 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Cottonwood FallsJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2014 hr, 51 minJun 2114 hr, 51 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 29 minDec 219 hr, 29 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:01 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 53 minutes later at 7:54 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:05 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 49 minutes later at 8:53 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Cottonwood Falls during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Cottonwood FallsJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 136:01 AMJun 136:01 AM8:53 PMJun 288:53 PMJun 28Dec 75:05 PMDec 75:05 PM7:54 AMNov 37:54 AMNov 3Mar 11DSTMar 11DSTDSTNov 4DSTNov 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Cottonwood Falls experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from May 24 to September 21, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 16% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 24, with muggy conditions 62% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 11, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Cottonwood FallsmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 110%Dec 110%Jul 2462%Jul 2462%May 2416%May 2416%Sep 2116%Sep 2116%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggydrydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Cottonwood Falls experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from December 22 to May 21, with average wind speeds of more than 11.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 13.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.0 months, from May 21 to December 22. The calmest day of the year is August 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Cottonwood FallswindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mph22 mphApr 113.2 mphApr 113.2 mphAug 79.0 mphAug 79.0 mphDec 2211.1 mphDec 2211.1 mphMay 2111.1 mphMay 2111.1 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Cottonwood Falls varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 8.9 months, from March 12 to December 8, with a peak percentage of 63% on July 5. The wind is most often from the north for 3.1 months, from December 8 to March 12, with a peak percentage of 36% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Cottonwood FallsNSNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%southnortheastwest
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Cottonwood Falls throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Cottonwood Falls for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Cottonwood Fallsbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.46.40.30.36.26.2 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Cottonwood Falls for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Cottonwood Fallsbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.16.10.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Cottonwood Falls typically lasts for 6.5 months (201 days), from around April 8 to around October 25, rarely starting before March 20 or after April 27, and rarely ending before October 7 or after November 12.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Cottonwood Fallsgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 850%Apr 850%Oct 2550%Oct 2590%Apr 2790%Apr 2790%Oct 790%Oct 710%Mar 2010%Mar 2010%Nov 1210%Nov 120%Dec 160%Dec 16Jul 17100%Jul 17100%frigidfreezingvery coldcomfortablewarmhotcoldcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Cottonwood Falls should appear around March 17, only rarely appearing before March 3 or after April 7.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Cottonwood FallsJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°F4,500°FMar 1787°FMar 1787°FJun 3900°FJun 3900°FJul 91,800°FJul 91,800°FDec 314,194°FDec 314,194°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from April 27 to August 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 7, with an average of 7.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 5 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Cottonwood FallsbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 77.1 kWhJul 77.1 kWhDec 202.3 kWhDec 202.3 kWhApr 276.2 kWhApr 276.2 kWhAug 236.2 kWhAug 236.2 kWhFeb 93.2 kWhFeb 93.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Cottonwood Falls are 38.372 deg latitude, -96.543 deg longitude, and 1,227 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Cottonwood Falls contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 203 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,210 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (423 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (758 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Cottonwood Falls is covered by grassland (67%) and cropland (27%), within 10 miles by grassland (87%) and cropland (12%), and within 50 miles by grassland (76%) and cropland (21%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Cottonwood Falls, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Cottonwood Falls.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Cottonwood Falls according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Cottonwood Falls is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Cottonwood Falls and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Emporia Municipal Airport (60%, 31 kilometers, east); Newton City-County Airport (16%, 72 kilometers, southwest); Marshall Army Airfield (15%, 78 kilometers, north); and Salina Municipal Airport (9%, 107 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.