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Average Weather in Kochani Macedonia

In Kochani, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are very cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 27°F to 86°F and is rarely below 14°F or above 95°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Kochani for hot-weather activities is from early July to late August.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec89%89%42%42%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.9 inprecipitation: 1.9 in0.9 in0.9 inmuggy: 2%muggy: 2%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 7.8beach/pool score: 7.80.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.2 months, from June 7 to September 15, with an average daily high temperature above 77°F. The hottest day of the year is August 2, with an average high of 86°F and low of 61°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 23 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 49°F. The coldest day of the year is January 4, with an average low of 27°F and high of 39°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in KochaniJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolwarmhotcomfortablecomfortablefreezingfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Keyser, West Virginia, United States (4,972 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Kochani (view comparison).

Clouds

In Kochani, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Kochani begins around June 5 and lasts for 3.6 months, ending around September 23. On July 20, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 89% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 11% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 23 and lasts for 8.4 months, ending around June 5. On December 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 58% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 42% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in KochaniclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2089%Jul 2089%Dec 542%Dec 542%Jun 565%Jun 565%Sep 2365%Sep 2365%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kochani varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.8 months, from April 8 to July 2, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 30% on May 21.

The drier season lasts 9.2 months, from July 2 to April 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on January 23.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 30% on May 21.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in KochaniwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%May 2130%May 2130%Jan 2315%Jan 2315%Jan 117%Jan 117%Apr 822%Apr 822%Jul 222%Jul 222%rainsnowmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kochani experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Kochani. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 2, with an average total accumulation of 1.9 inches.

The least rain falls around January 14, with an average total accumulation of 0.8 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Kochani does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in KochanisnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 inDec 310.2 inDec 310.2 inJul 220.0 inJul 220.0 inMar 90.1 inMar 90.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Kochani varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 7 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:54 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 4 minutes later at 6:58 AM on January 5. The earliest sunset is at 3:59 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 11 minutes later at 8:09 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Kochani during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in KochaniJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 154:54 AMJun 154:54 AM8:09 PMJun 278:09 PMJun 27Dec 93:59 PMDec 93:59 PM6:58 AMJan 56:58 AMJan 5Mar 25DSTMar 25DSTDSTOct 28DSTOct 28daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Kochani, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in KochaniJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 60%Mar 60%Jul 282%Jul 282%humidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Kochani experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from November 26 to April 28, with average wind speeds of more than 6.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.9 months, from April 28 to November 26. The calmest day of the year is August 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kochani varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.4 months, from March 26 to May 7 and for 2.2 months, from October 3 to December 8, with a peak percentage of 44% on November 17. The wind is most often from the north for 4.9 months, from May 7 to October 3 and for 3.6 months, from December 8 to March 26, with a peak percentage of 57% on July 19.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in KochaniNSNSNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%southnorthwesteast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kochani throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kochani for general outdoor tourist activities is from early June to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Kochanibest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.77.70.10.17.77.7 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kochani for hot-weather activities is from early July to late August, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Kochanibest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.87.80.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Kochani typically lasts for 6.9 months (212 days), from around April 2 to around October 30, rarely starting before March 8 or after April 23, and rarely ending before October 11 or after November 19.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Kochanigrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 250%Apr 250%Oct 3050%Oct 3090%Apr 2390%Apr 2390%Oct 1190%Oct 1110%Mar 810%Mar 810%Nov 1910%Nov 190%Dec 200%Dec 20Jul 17100%Jul 17100%freezingvery coldcoolcomfortablewarmcoldhotfrigid
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Kochani should appear around April 7, only rarely appearing before March 24 or after April 24.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from May 21 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 9, with an average of 7.6 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 30 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 15, with an average of 1.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kochani are 41.916 deg latitude, 22.413 deg longitude, and 1,293 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kochani contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 955 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,308 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,603 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,612 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kochani is covered by cropland (51%), trees (25%), and artificial surfaces (18%), within 10 miles by trees (55%) and cropland (32%), and within 50 miles by trees (54%) and cropland (28%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Kochani, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Kochani.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Kochani according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Kochani is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Kochani and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Skopje "Alexander the Great" Airport (53%, 66 kilometers, west); Sofia Airport (22%, 119 kilometers, northeast); Thessaloniki Airport (14%, 162 kilometers, south); and Kozani National Airport "Filippos" (11%, 188 kilometers, south).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.