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Average Weather in Palma Sola Mexico

In Palma Sola, the wet season is hot, oppressive, and overcast and the dry season is warm, muggy, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 65°F to 89°F and is rarely below 59°F or above 93°F.

Climate Summary

warmhotwarmJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec70%70%17%17%overcastprecipitation: 10.1 inprecipitation: 10.1 in0.7 in0.7 inmuggy: 100%muggy: 100%37%37%tourism score: 7.6tourism score: 7.62.92.9
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Palma Sola for warm-weather activities is from early December to early April.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 5.1 months, from May 6 to October 9, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is August 7, with an average high of 89°F and low of 76°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.4 months, from December 15 to February 28, with an average daily high temperature below 80°F. The coldest day of the year is January 18, with an average low of 65°F and high of 77°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Palma SolaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablecomfortablecomfortablewarmhotcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Vitória, Brazil (4,703 miles away); Hengchun, Taiwan (8,621 miles); and Port Douglas, Australia (8,397 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Palma Sola (view comparison).

Clouds

In Palma Sola, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Palma Sola begins around October 25 and lasts for 7.2 months, ending around June 2. On March 11, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 70% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 30% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around June 2 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around October 25. On September 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 83% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 17% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Palma SolaclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Mar 1170%Mar 1170%Sep 1517%Sep 1517%Oct 2543%Oct 2543%Jun 244%Jun 244%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Palma Sola varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.5 months, from June 3 to October 17, with a greater than 45% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 78% on September 5.

The drier season lasts 7.5 months, from October 17 to June 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 11% on March 13.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 78% on September 5.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Palma SolawetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Sep 578%Sep 578%Mar 1311%Mar 1311%Jan 116%Jan 116%Jun 345%Jun 345%Oct 1745%Oct 1745%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Palma Sola experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Palma Sola. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 14, with an average total accumulation of 10.1 inches.

The least rain falls around March 8, with an average total accumulation of 0.7 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Palma Sola varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 13 hours, 20 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Palma SolaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2013 hr, 20 minJun 2013 hr, 20 minJun 2012 hr, 7 minSep 2212 hr, 7 minSep 2210 hr, 56 minDec 2110 hr, 56 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:19 AM on April 1, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 6 minutes later at 7:25 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 5:45 PM on November 25, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 24 minutes later at 8:08 PM on July 4.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Palma Sola during 2017, starting in the spring on April 2, lasting 6.8 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Palma SolaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMApr 16:19 AMApr 16:19 AM8:08 PMJul 48:08 PMJul 4Nov 255:45 PMNov 255:45 PM7:25 AMOct 287:25 AMOct 28Apr 2DSTApr 2DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Palma Sola experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 9.7 months, from February 22 to December 13, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 53% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 22, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 25, with muggy conditions 37% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Palma SolamuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 2537%Jan 2537%100%Jul 22100%Jul 22Feb 2253%Feb 2253%Dec 1353%Dec 1353%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumiddrydrycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Palma Sola experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from September 17 to May 11, with average wind speeds of more than 8.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.9 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.2 months, from May 11 to September 17. The calmest day of the year is July 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Palma SolawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mphDec 3110.9 mphDec 3110.9 mphJul 286.7 mphJul 286.7 mphSep 178.8 mphSep 178.8 mphMay 118.8 mphMay 118.8 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Palma Sola varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 6.4 months, from February 25 to September 8, with a peak percentage of 62% on June 8. The wind is most often from the north for 5.6 months, from September 8 to February 25, with a peak percentage of 45% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Palma SolaNENJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%eastnorthsouth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Palma Sola is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.5 months, from June 4 to October 19, with an average temperature above 82°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 26, with an average temperature of 85°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.1 months, from December 24 to March 28, with an average temperature below 75°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 4, with an average temperature of 73°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Palma Sola throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Palma Sola for general outdoor tourist activities is from early December to early April, with a peak score in the last week of February.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Palma Solabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.67.62.92.9 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Palma Sola for hot-weather activities is from mid March to mid May, with a peak score in the second week of April.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Palma Solabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.07.03.73.76.26.24.84.84.34.33.83.8 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Palma Sola are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Palma SolaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3coolcomfortablewarmhot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Palma SolaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F2,000°F4,000°F6,000°F8,000°F10,000°FJan 590°FJan 590°FMar 251,800°FMar 251,800°FDec 319,958°FDec 319,958°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from March 17 to June 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 10, with an average of 6.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from November 14 to January 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 30, with an average of 4.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Palma SolabrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhMay 106.9 kWhMay 106.9 kWhDec 304.2 kWhDec 304.2 kWhMar 176.3 kWhMar 176.3 kWhJan 284.7 kWhJan 284.7 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Palma Sola are 19.771 deg latitude, -96.432 deg longitude, and 62 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Palma Sola contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,519 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 147 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,730 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (12,904 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Palma Sola is covered by cropland (74%) and water (25%), within 10 miles by water (50%) and cropland (47%), and within 50 miles by water (54%) and cropland (40%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Palma Sola, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, General Heriberto Jara International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Palma Sola.

At a distance of 74 kilometers from Palma Sola, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Palma Sola according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.