1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. Italy
  3. Basilicate
  4. Castelgrande

Average Weather in Castelgrande Italy

In Castelgrande, the summers are short, warm, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are long, very cold, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 32°F to 79°F and is rarely below 25°F or above 86°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec90%90%44%44%clearovercastprecipitation: 2.5 inprecipitation: 2.5 in0.7 in0.7 inmuggy: 1%muggy: 1%0%0%drydrytourism score: 8.6tourism score: 8.60.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Castelgrande for warm-weather activities is from late June to early September.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 2.8 months, from June 15 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 71°F. The hottest day of the year is August 5, with an average high of 79°F and low of 62°F.

The cool season lasts for 4.0 months, from November 21 to March 23, with an average daily high temperature below 49°F. The coldest day of the year is February 8, with an average low of 32°F and high of 42°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in CastelgrandeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolwarmcomfortablecomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Tanner, Washington, United States (5,804 miles away); Provincetown, Massachusetts, United States (4,238 miles); and Hakone, Japan (6,090 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Castelgrande (view comparison).

Clouds

In Castelgrande, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Castelgrande begins around June 6 and lasts for 3.4 months, ending around September 19. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 90% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 10% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 19 and lasts for 8.6 months, ending around June 6. On January 13, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in CastelgrandeclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2190%Jul 2190%Jan 1344%Jan 1344%Jun 666%Jun 666%Sep 1967%Sep 1967%clearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Castelgrande varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.5 months, from September 22 to May 5, with a greater than 21% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 32% on November 21.

The drier season lasts 4.5 months, from May 5 to September 22. The smallest chance of a wet day is 9% on July 7.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 30% on November 21.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in CastelgrandewetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 2132%Nov 2132%Jul 79%Jul 79%Jan 124%Jan 124%Sep 2221%Sep 2221%May 521%May 521%rainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Castelgrande experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Castelgrande. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 16, with an average total accumulation of 2.5 inches.

The least rain falls around July 6, with an average total accumulation of 0.7 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Castelgrande experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from November 25 to March 30, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 14, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from March 30 to November 25. The least snow falls around July 19, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in CastelgrandesnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 inFeb 140.3 inFeb 140.3 inJul 190.0 inJul 190.0 inNov 250.1 inNov 250.1 inMar 300.1 inMar 300.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Castelgrande varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 15 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in CastelgrandeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2015 hr, 6 minJun 2115 hr, 6 minJun 2112 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 229 hr, 15 minDec 219 hr, 15 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:26 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 58 minutes later at 7:24 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 4:30 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 3 minutes later at 8:33 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Castelgrande during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in CastelgrandeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 145:26 AMJun 145:26 AM8:33 PMJun 278:33 PMJun 27Dec 74:30 PMDec 74:30 PM7:24 AMOct 287:24 AMOct 28Mar 26DSTMar 26DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Castelgrande, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in CastelgrandeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 10%Dec 10%Aug 71%Aug 71%drydrycomfortablecomfortablehumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Castelgrande experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from November 6 to April 25, with average wind speeds of more than 7.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.4 months, from April 25 to November 6. The calmest day of the year is August 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in CastelgrandewindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mphFeb 218.8 mphFeb 218.8 mphAug 76.2 mphAug 76.2 mphNov 67.5 mphNov 67.5 mphApr 257.5 mphApr 257.5 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Castelgrande varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 4.5 months, from March 5 to July 20 and for 4.7 months, from July 26 to December 18, with a peak percentage of 51% on June 10. The wind is most often from the north for 6.0 days, from July 20 to July 26 and for 2.6 months, from December 18 to March 5, with a peak percentage of 44% on July 23.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in CastelgrandeNWWNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%southwestnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Castelgrande is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.9 months, from June 29 to September 25, with an average temperature above 75°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 12, with an average temperature of 79°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.3 months, from December 19 to April 28, with an average temperature below 62°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 26, with an average temperature of 57°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Castelgrande throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Castelgrande for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to early September, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Castelgrandebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.68.60.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Castelgrande for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in CastelgrandeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.56.50.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Castelgrande typically lasts for 8.0 months (244 days), from around March 28 to around November 27, rarely starting before March 3 or after April 20, and rarely ending before November 2 or after December 25.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Castelgrandegrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2850%Mar 2850%Nov 2750%Nov 2790%Apr 2090%Apr 2090%Nov 290%Nov 210%Mar 310%Mar 310%Dec 2510%Dec 250%Jan 150%Jan 15Jul 23100%Jul 23100%coldcoolwarmvery coldcomfortable
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Castelgrande should appear around May 2, only rarely appearing before April 20 or after May 17.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 12 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 6, with an average of 7.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 30 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.8 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in CastelgrandebrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 67.7 kWhJul 67.7 kWhDec 231.8 kWhDec 231.8 kWhMay 126.5 kWhMay 126.5 kWhAug 186.5 kWhAug 186.5 kWhOct 303.0 kWhOct 303.0 kWhFeb 163.0 kWhFeb 163.0 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Castelgrande are 40.786 deg latitude, 15.431 deg longitude, and 3,159 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Castelgrande contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,893 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,921 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,413 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (6,319 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Castelgrande is covered by cropland (54%) and trees (41%), within 10 miles by trees (44%) and cropland (40%), and within 50 miles by cropland (56%) and trees (28%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Castelgrande, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Castelgrande.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Castelgrande according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Castelgrande is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Castelgrande and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Trevico (59%, 34 kilometers, northwest); Capo Palinuro (10%, 87 kilometers, south); Latronico (14%, 93 kilometers, southeast); Capri (9%, 103 kilometers, west); and Bari "Karol Wojtyła" Airport (7%, 119 kilometers, east).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.