Average Weather in Messina Italy
Messina has a mediterranean climate with dry hot summers and mild winters. The temperature typically varies from 50°F to 88°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 44°F or above 93°F.
The hot season lasts for 87 days, from June 19 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 82°F. The hottest day of the year is August 6, with an average high of 88°F and low of 77°F.
The cool season lasts for 126 days, from November 27 to April 2, with an average daily high temperature below 64°F. The coldest day of the year is February 5, with an average low of 50°F and high of 58°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Messina varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 30 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 50 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:34 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 46 minutes later at 7:19 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 4:37 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 48 minutes later at 8:25 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Messina during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 216 days, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
In Messina, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Messina begins around June 8 and lasts for 97 days, ending around September 13. On July 19, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 96% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 4% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 13 and lasts for 268 days, ending around June 8. On January 13, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 45% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 55% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Messina varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 216 days, from September 16 to April 20, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 41% on November 27.
The drier season lasts 149 days, from April 20 to September 16. The smallest chance of a wet day is 6% on July 6.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 41% on November 27.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Messina experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 300 days, from August 9 to June 5, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 7, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 65 days, from June 5 to August 9. The least rain falls around July 13, with and average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Messina experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 142 days, from June 1 to October 21, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 22% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 13, with muggy conditions 87% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 3, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Messina experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 175 days, from November 1 to April 25, with average wind speeds of more than 5.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 190 days, from April 25 to November 1. The calmest day of the year is August 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Messina varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 190 days, from May 3 to November 9, with a peak percentage of 68% on August 4. The wind is most often from the south for 3 days, from November 9 to November 12, with a peak percentage of 29% on November 1. The wind is most often from the west for 172 days, from November 12 to May 3, with a peak percentage of 37% on April 6.
Messina is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 88 days, from July 2 to September 28, with an average temperature above 75°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 13, with an average temperature of 80°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 136 days, from December 17 to May 2, with an average temperature below 62°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 25, with an average temperature of 58°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 104 days, from May 6 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 6, with an average of 8.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 110 days, from October 28 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
The area within 2 miles of Messina is covered by artificial surfaces (41%) and water (41%), within 10 miles by water (44%) and cropland (19%), and within 50 miles by water (64%) and cropland (16%).
The topography within 2 miles of Messina contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,266 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 227 feet. Within 10 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (3,737 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,915 feet).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Messina, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Messina.
For each station, the records are are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Messina according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Messina is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Messina and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .