Climate and Average Weather Year Round in N'Djamena Chad
In N'Djamena, the wet season is hot, oppressive, and mostly cloudy and the dry season is sweltering, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 59°F to 106°F and is rarely below 53°F or above 110°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit N'Djamena for hot-weather activities is from early November to early March.
Climate in N'Djamena
The hot season lasts for 2.3 months, from March 18 to May 27, with an average daily high temperature above 102°F. The hottest month of the year in N'Djamena is April, with an average high of 105°F and low of 79°F.
The cool season lasts for 1.9 months, from July 17 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature below 91°F. The coldest month of the year in N'Djamena is January, with an average low of 60°F and high of 90°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in N'Djamena
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in N'Djamena
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In N'Djamena, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in N'Djamena begins around October 15 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around March 7.
The clearest month of the year in N'Djamena is January, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 62% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around March 7 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around October 15.
The cloudiest month of the year in N'Djamena is August, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 66% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in N'Djamena
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in N'Djamena varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.1 months, from June 20 to September 23, with a greater than 38% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in N'Djamena is August, with an average of 22.3 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 8.9 months, from September 23 to June 20. The month with the fewest wet days in N'Djamena is December, with an average of 0.0 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in N'Djamena is August, with an average of 22.3 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 75% on August 10.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in N'Djamena
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. N'Djamena experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from May 2 to October 20, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in N'Djamena is August, with an average rainfall of 5.7 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from October 20 to May 2. The month with the least rain in N'Djamena is January, with an average rainfall of -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in N'Djamena
The length of the day in N'Djamena does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 50 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2023, the shortest day is December 22, with 11 hours, 25 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 50 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in N'Djamena
The earliest sunrise is at 5:33 AM on May 31, and the latest sunrise is 51 minutes later at 6:25 AM on January 25. The earliest sunset is at 5:31 PM on November 18, and the latest sunset is 58 minutes later at 6:29 PM on July 10.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in N'Djamena during 2023.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in N'Djamena
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in N'Djamena
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in N'Djamena
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
N'Djamena experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from April 21 to October 28, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 25% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in N'Djamena is August, with 30.9 days that are muggy or worse.
The month with the fewest muggy days in N'Djamena is January, with 0.0 days that are muggy or worse.
Humidity Comfort Levels in N'Djamena
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in N'Djamena experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from November 7 to April 23, with average wind speeds of more than 8.8 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in N'Djamena is February, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.8 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.5 months, from April 23 to November 7. The calmest month of the year in N'Djamena is September, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in N'Djamena
The predominant average hourly wind direction in N'Djamena varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 2.0 weeks, from April 19 to May 3 and for 3.3 weeks, from October 13 to November 5, with a peak percentage of 48% on October 27. The wind is most often from the south for 5.3 months, from May 3 to October 13, with a peak percentage of 58% on September 9. The wind is most often from the north for 5.5 months, from November 5 to April 19, with a peak percentage of 83% on January 1.
Wind Direction in N'Djamena
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in N'Djamena throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit N'Djamena for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid December to early February, with a peak score in the first week of January.
Tourism Score in N'Djamena
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit N'Djamena for hot-weather activities is from early November to early March, with a peak score in the first week of February.
Beach/Pool Score in N'Djamena
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in N'Djamena are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in N'Djamena
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in N'Djamena
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from February 18 to May 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest month of the year in N'Djamena is April, with an average of 6.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from July 16 to September 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.4 kWh. The darkest month of the year in N'Djamena is August, with an average of 5.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in N'Djamena
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of N'Djamena are 12.107 deg latitude, 15.044 deg longitude, and 981 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of N'Djamena contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 102 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 971 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (108 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (135 feet).
The area within 2 miles of N'Djamena is covered by artificial surfaces (44%) and cropland (16%), within 10 miles by cropland (26%) and sparse vegetation (21%), and within 50 miles by cropland (34%) and grassland (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in N'Djamena, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, N'Djamena International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of N'Djamena.
At a distance of 3 kilometers from N'Djamena, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and N'Djamena according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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