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Average Weather in Kinshasa Congo - Kinshasa

In Kinshasa, the wet season is hot, oppressive, and overcast and the dry season is warm, muggy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 67°F to 90°F and is rarely below 64°F or above 94°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Kinshasa for hot-weather activities is from early June to mid September.

Climate Summary

hotwarmhotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec61%61%20%20%overcastclearprecipitation: 10.0 inprecipitation: 10.0 in0.1 in0.1 inmuggy: 100%muggy: 100%45%45%beach/pool score: 7.7beach/pool score: 7.74.44.4
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.3 months, from February 3 to May 13, with an average daily high temperature above 88°F. The hottest day of the year is April 3, with an average high of 90°F and low of 74°F.

The cool season lasts for 1.8 months, from June 17 to August 9, with an average daily high temperature below 83°F. The coldest day of the year is July 18, with an average low of 67°F and high of 82°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in KinshasaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablewarmwarmwarmhothotcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (6,013 miles away) and Guatire, Venezuela (5,728 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Kinshasa (view comparison).

Clouds

In Kinshasa, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Kinshasa begins around May 25 and lasts for 4.0 months, ending around September 24. On July 9, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 39% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 24 and lasts for 8.0 months, ending around May 25. On December 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 80% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 20% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in KinshasaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 961%Jul 961%Dec 1620%Dec 1620%May 2540%May 2540%Sep 2441%Sep 2441%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kinshasa varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.9 months, from September 26 to May 23, with a greater than 44% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 87% on November 12.

The drier season lasts 4.1 months, from May 23 to September 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on July 1.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 87% on November 12.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in KinshasawetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 1287%Nov 1287%Jul 11%Jul 11%Jan 161%Jan 161%Sep 2644%Sep 2644%May 2344%May 2344%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kinshasa experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 10 months, from August 22 to June 21, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 14, with an average total accumulation of 10.0 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from June 21 to August 22. The least rain falls around July 9, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Kinshasa does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 22 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2018, the shortest day is June 21, with 11 hours, 52 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 12 hours, 23 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:33 AM on November 10, and the latest sunrise is 34 minutes later at 6:08 AM on July 20. The earliest sunset is at 5:49 PM on October 25, and the latest sunset is 31 minutes later at 6:21 PM on February 3.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kinshasa during 2018.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in KinshasaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMNov 105:33 AMNov 105:33 AM6:21 PMFeb 36:21 PMFeb 3Oct 255:49 PMOct 255:49 PM6:08 AMJul 206:08 AMJul 20daynightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Kinshasa experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 11 months, from August 26 to July 12, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 59% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is April 28, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is July 30, with muggy conditions 45% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in KinshasamuggymuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 3045%Jul 3045%100%Apr 28100%Apr 28oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidmiserablemiserable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Kinshasa experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 23 to September 27, with average wind speeds of more than 4.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is August 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.1 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.9 months, from September 27 to June 23. The calmest day of the year is December 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kinshasa varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 1.0 months, from April 19 to May 20, with a peak percentage of 39% on May 8. The wind is most often from the south for 3.4 weeks, from May 20 to June 13, with a peak percentage of 42% on June 11. The wind is most often from the west for 10 months, from June 13 to April 19, with a peak percentage of 52% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in KinshasaWESWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastnorthsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kinshasa throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kinshasa for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid August, with a peak score in the second week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Kinshasabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.47.42.92.93.13.1precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kinshasa for hot-weather activities is from early June to mid September, with a peak score in the last week of June.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Kinshasabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.77.74.44.44.54.5 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Kinshasa are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in KinshasaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3comfortablewarmhotcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in KinshasaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F2,000°F4,000°F6,000°F8,000°F10,000°FJul 590°FJul 590°FAug 8900°FAug 8900°FJun 3010,166°FJun 3010,166°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy per square meter does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.4 kilowatt-hours of 5.1 kilowatt-hours throughout.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in KinshasaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWhAug 275.5 kWhAug 275.5 kWhApr 264.7 kWhApr 264.7 kWhJul 144.8 kWhJul 144.8 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kinshasa are -4.328 deg latitude, 15.314 deg longitude, and 922 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kinshasa contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 112 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 929 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,073 feet). Within 50 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,913 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kinshasa is covered by shrubs (56%), artificial surfaces (24%), and cropland (16%), within 10 miles by shrubs (50%) and water (19%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (43%) and trees (37%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Kinshasa, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Kinshasa.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Kinshasa according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Kinshasa is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Kinshasa and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Maya-Maya Airport (63%, 11 kilometers, northwest) and N'djili Airport (37%, 16 kilometers, southeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.