Average Weather in Bacoli Italy
In Bacoli, the summers are short, warm, muggy, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are long, cold, wet, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 45°F to 85°F and is rarely below 39°F or above 90°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Bacoli for hot-weather activities is from mid June to early September.
The hot season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 17 to September 15, with an average daily high temperature above 80°F. The hottest day of the year is August 7, with an average high of 85°F and low of 72°F.
The cool season lasts for 4.1 months, from November 24 to March 26, with an average daily high temperature below 62°F. The coldest day of the year is February 9, with an average low of 45°F and high of 56°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Bacoli, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Bacoli begins around June 9 and lasts for 3.1 months, ending around September 12. On July 26, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 91% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 9% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 12 and lasts for 8.9 months, ending around June 9. On January 14, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 49% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 51% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Bacoli varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.7 months, from September 11 to May 1, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 38% on November 20.
The drier season lasts 4.3 months, from May 1 to September 11. The smallest chance of a wet day is 7% on July 8.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 38% on November 20.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Bacoli experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Bacoli. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 18, with an average total accumulation of 4.1 inches.
The least rain falls around July 10, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Bacoli varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 15 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:31 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 57 minutes later at 7:28 AM on January 5. The earliest sunset is at 4:35 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 3 minutes later at 8:39 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Bacoli during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Bacoli experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from June 1 to October 7, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 21% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 10, with muggy conditions 84% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 25, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Bacoli experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from October 22 to April 9, with average wind speeds of more than 8.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.4 months, from April 9 to October 22. The calmest day of the year is August 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Bacoli varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 1.2 months, from October 27 to December 2, with a peak percentage of 30% on November 25. The wind is most often from the west for 11 months, from December 2 to October 27, with a peak percentage of 31% on January 1.
Bacoli is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from June 28 to September 23, with an average temperature above 74°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 11, with an average temperature of 79°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.3 months, from December 19 to April 28, with an average temperature below 62°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 26, with an average temperature of 57°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Bacoli throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Bacoli for general outdoor tourist activities are from early May to early July and from early September to mid October, with a peak score in the second week of June.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Bacoli for hot-weather activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Bacoli are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 9 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 6, with an average of 7.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 28 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 15, with an average of 1.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Bacoli are 40.797 deg latitude, 14.073 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Bacoli contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 499 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 50 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,008 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,732 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Bacoli is covered by water (60%), artificial surfaces (20%), and cropland (13%), within 10 miles by water (71%) and artificial surfaces (12%), and within 50 miles by water (61%) and cropland (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Bacoli, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Bacoli.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Bacoli according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Bacoli is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Bacoli and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Naples International Airport (45%, 22 kilometers, northeast); Grazzanise (31%, 29 kilometers, north); Capri (19%, 31 kilometers, southeast); and Ponza (5%, 96 kilometers, west).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.