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Average Weather in Massa Finalese Italy

In Massa Finalese, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are very cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 88°F and is rarely below 24°F or above 96°F.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.2 months, from June 5 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is July 31, with an average high of 88°F and low of 67°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 20 to February 27, with an average daily high temperature below 51°F. The coldest day of the year is January 11, with an average low of 31°F and high of 42°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Massa FinaleseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablehotcoldcoolwarmvery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Massa Finalese, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Massa Finalese begins around June 14 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around September 23. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 78% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 22% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 23 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around June 14. On December 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 55% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 45% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Massa FinaleseclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2178%Jul 2178%Dec 345%Dec 345%Jun 1461%Jun 1461%Sep 2362%Sep 2362%clearmostly cloudyovercastmostly clearpartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Massa Finalese varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.0 months, from March 27 to November 29, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 29% on May 9.

The drier season lasts 4.0 months, from November 29 to March 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on January 30.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 29% on May 9.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Massa FinalesewetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%May 929%May 929%Jan 3016%Jan 3016%Jan 119%Jan 119%Mar 2723%Mar 2723%rainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Massa Finalese experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Massa Finalese. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 23, with an average total accumulation of 2.7 inches.

The least rain falls around January 14, with an average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Massa Finalese does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Massa FinalesesnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 inJan 80.2 inJan 80.2 inJul 80.0 inJul 80.0 inDec 150.1 inDec 150.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Massa Finalese varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 47 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 36 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Massa FinaleseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2015 hr, 36 minJun 2115 hr, 36 minJun 2112 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 228 hr, 47 minDec 218 hr, 47 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:28 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 25 minutes later at 7:52 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 4:33 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 31 minutes later at 9:05 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Massa Finalese during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Massa FinaleseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 155:28 AMJun 155:28 AM9:05 PMJun 269:05 PMJun 26Dec 104:33 PMDec 104:33 PM7:52 AMJan 27:52 AMJan 2Mar 26DSTMar 26DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Massa Finalese experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 10 to September 15, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 10% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 6, with muggy conditions 39% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 7, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Massa FinalesemuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 70%Dec 70%Aug 639%Aug 639%Jun 1010%Jun 1010%Sep 1510%Sep 1510%comfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumidmuggymuggyoppressiveoppressive
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Massa Finalese experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from January 21 to May 20, with average wind speeds of more than 6.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.0 months, from May 20 to January 21. The calmest day of the year is August 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Massa FinalesewindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mph12 mphMar 156.8 mphMar 156.8 mphAug 115.3 mphAug 115.3 mphJan 216.0 mphJan 216.0 mphMay 206.0 mphMay 206.0 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Massa Finalese varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 10 months, from January 21 to December 2, with a peak percentage of 47% on August 20. The wind is most often from the west for 1.6 months, from December 2 to January 21, with a peak percentage of 40% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Massa FinaleseWEWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%eastwestsouthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Massa Finalese is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.0 months, from June 17 to September 17, with an average temperature above 72°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 4, with an average temperature of 78°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.7 months, from December 19 to April 8, with an average temperature below 54°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 16, with an average temperature of 48°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 9 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 8, with an average of 7.2 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 29 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Massa FinalesebrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 87.2 kWhJul 87.2 kWhDec 161.4 kWhDec 161.4 kWhMay 96.0 kWhMay 96.0 kWhAug 186.0 kWhAug 186.0 kWhOct 292.5 kWhOct 292.5 kWhFeb 132.5 kWhFeb 132.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Massa Finalese are 44.852 deg latitude, 11.214 deg longitude, and 36 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Massa Finalese is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 52 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 35 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (148 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (5,344 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Massa Finalese is covered by cropland (92%), within 10 miles by cropland (95%), and within 50 miles by cropland (78%) and trees (12%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Massa Finalese, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Massa Finalese.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Massa Finalese according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Massa Finalese is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Massa Finalese and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Bologna Guglielmo Marconi Airport (52%, 36 kilometers, south); Verona Villafranca Airport (21%, 66 kilometers, northwest); Istrana (9%, 115 kilometers, northeast); Venice Marco Polo Airport (9%, 115 kilometers, northeast); and Piacenza-San Damiano Air Base (9%, 118 kilometers, west).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.