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Average Weather in Castelfranco Emilia Italy

In Castelfranco Emilia, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are very cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 32°F to 88°F and is rarely below 25°F or above 95°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec80%80%47%47%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.0 inprecipitation: 3.0 in1.3 in1.3 inmuggy: 31%muggy: 31%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 7.9beach/pool score: 7.90.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Castelfranco Emilia for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.2 months, from June 6 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is August 3, with an average high of 88°F and low of 68°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.3 months, from November 19 to February 28, with an average daily high temperature below 52°F. The coldest day of the year is January 12, with an average low of 32°F and high of 43°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Castelfranco EmiliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhot
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Stanton, Kentucky, United States (4,669 miles away) and Waldorf, Maryland, United States (4,341 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Castelfranco Emilia (view comparison).

Clouds

In Castelfranco Emilia, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Castelfranco Emilia begins around June 14 and lasts for 3.2 months, ending around September 20. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 20 and lasts for 8.8 months, ending around June 14. On November 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 53% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 47% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Castelfranco EmiliaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2180%Jul 2180%Nov 2547%Nov 2547%Jun 1463%Jun 1463%Sep 2063%Sep 2063%clearmostly cloudyovercastmostly clearpartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Castelfranco Emilia varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.3 months, from March 27 to December 6, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 29% on November 3.

The drier season lasts 3.7 months, from December 6 to March 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 17% on March 8.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 29% on May 6.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Castelfranco EmiliawetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 329%Nov 329%Mar 817%Mar 817%Jan 120%Jan 120%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Castelfranco Emilia experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Castelfranco Emilia. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 23, with an average total accumulation of 3.0 inches.

The least rain falls around January 14, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Castelfranco Emilia does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Castelfranco EmiliasnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 inJan 80.2 inJan 80.2 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inDec 180.1 inDec 180.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Castelfranco Emilia varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 49 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 34 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Castelfranco EmiliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2015 hr, 34 minJun 2115 hr, 34 minJun 2112 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 228 hr, 49 minDec 218 hr, 49 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:30 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 23 minutes later at 7:52 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 4:35 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 30 minutes later at 9:05 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Castelfranco Emilia during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Castelfranco EmiliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 155:30 AMJun 155:30 AM9:05 PMJun 269:05 PMJun 26Dec 104:35 PMDec 104:35 PM7:52 AMJan 27:52 AMJan 2Mar 26DSTMar 26DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Castelfranco Emilia experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from June 14 to September 14, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 8% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 7, with muggy conditions 31% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 28, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Castelfranco EmiliamuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 280%Feb 280%Aug 731%Aug 731%Jun 148%Jun 148%Sep 148%Sep 148%muggymuggyhumidhumiddrydrycomfortablecomfortableoppressiveoppressive
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Castelfranco Emilia experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from January 23 to May 19, with average wind speeds of more than 6.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.1 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.1 months, from May 19 to January 23. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Castelfranco EmiliawindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mph12 mphMar 317.1 mphMar 317.1 mphAug 105.6 mphAug 105.6 mphJan 236.3 mphJan 236.3 mphMay 196.3 mphMay 196.3 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Castelfranco Emilia varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 3.3 months, from February 17 to May 25 and for 4.6 months, from June 22 to November 11, with a peak percentage of 38% on August 25. The wind is most often from the west for 4.0 weeks, from May 25 to June 22 and for 3.2 months, from November 11 to February 17, with a peak percentage of 33% on June 11.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Castelfranco EmiliaWEWEWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastsouthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Castelfranco Emilia is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from June 25 to September 18, with an average temperature above 73°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 7, with an average temperature of 77°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.1 months, from December 15 to April 18, with an average temperature below 58°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 18, with an average temperature of 53°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Castelfranco Emilia throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Castelfranco Emilia for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid May to early July and from mid August to early October, with a peak score in the second week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Castelfranco Emiliabest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.37.30.10.17.07.06.16.1precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Castelfranco Emilia for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Castelfranco Emiliabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.97.90.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Castelfranco Emilia typically lasts for 8.8 months (270 days), from around March 4 to around November 29, rarely starting before February 5 or after March 27, and rarely ending before November 7 or after December 24.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Castelfranco Emiliagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 450%Mar 450%Nov 2950%Nov 2990%Mar 2790%Mar 2790%Nov 790%Nov 710%Feb 510%Feb 510%Dec 2410%Dec 240%Jan 110%Jan 11Jul 23100%Jul 23100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Castelfranco Emilia should appear around March 27, only rarely appearing before March 15 or after April 11.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Castelfranco EmiliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°FMar 2788°FMar 2788°FJun 7900°FJun 7900°FJul 151,800°FJul 151,800°FDec 313,928°FDec 313,928°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 9 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 8, with an average of 7.3 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 29 to February 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 15, with an average of 1.5 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Castelfranco EmiliabrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 87.3 kWhJul 87.3 kWhDec 151.5 kWhDec 151.5 kWhMay 96.1 kWhMay 96.1 kWhAug 176.1 kWhAug 176.1 kWhOct 292.6 kWhOct 292.6 kWhFeb 142.6 kWhFeb 142.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Castelfranco Emilia are 44.594 deg latitude, 11.050 deg longitude, and 121 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Castelfranco Emilia is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 72 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 128 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (1,076 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (7,080 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Castelfranco Emilia is covered by cropland (88%) and artificial surfaces (12%), within 10 miles by cropland (86%) and artificial surfaces (11%), and within 50 miles by cropland (65%) and trees (27%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Castelfranco Emilia, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Castelfranco Emilia.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Castelfranco Emilia according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Castelfranco Emilia is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Castelfranco Emilia and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Bologna Guglielmo Marconi Airport (77%, 20 kilometers, east); Monte Cimone (2.1%, 52 kilometers, southwest); Parma Airport (13%, 65 kilometers, northwest); and Verona Villafranca Airport (8%, 90 kilometers, north).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.