Average Weather in Marciano Italy
In Marciano, the summers are short, warm, and mostly clear and the winters are long, very cold, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 32°F to 88°F and is rarely below 23°F or above 95°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Marciano for hot-weather activities is from early July to late August.
The hot season lasts for 2.8 months, from June 15 to September 8, with an average daily high temperature above 80°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 88°F and low of 61°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 16 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 55°F. The coldest day of the year is January 31, with an average low of 32°F and high of 49°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Marciano, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Marciano begins around June 8 and lasts for 3.4 months, ending around September 20. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 84% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 16% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 20 and lasts for 8.6 months, ending around June 8. On January 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 57% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 43% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Marciano varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 9.2 months, from September 7 to June 14, with a greater than 21% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 31% on November 16.
The drier season lasts 2.8 months, from June 14 to September 7. The smallest chance of a wet day is 12% on August 4.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 31% on November 16.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Marciano experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Marciano. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 13, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.
The least rain falls around July 23, with an average total accumulation of 0.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Marciano varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 58 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 24 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:31 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 13 minutes later at 7:45 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 4:37 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 20 minutes later at 8:57 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Marciano during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Marciano experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from June 18 to September 15, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 4% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 8, with muggy conditions 14% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 7, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Marciano experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from October 16 to April 26, with average wind speeds of more than 7.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.7 months, from April 26 to October 16. The calmest day of the year is August 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Marciano varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 1.7 months, from March 25 to May 16, with a peak percentage of 32% on April 5. The wind is most often from the west for 3.7 months, from May 16 to September 7, with a peak percentage of 38% on July 9. The wind is most often from the east for 6.6 months, from September 7 to March 25, with a peak percentage of 34% on January 1.
Marciano is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.7 months, from June 28 to September 20, with an average temperature above 73°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 11, with an average temperature of 77°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.4 months, from December 17 to April 29, with an average temperature below 60°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 23, with an average temperature of 56°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Marciano throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Marciano for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the last week of June.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Marciano for hot-weather activities is from early July to late August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Marciano typically lasts for 7.4 months (228 days), from around March 30 to around November 12, rarely starting before March 6 or after April 24, and rarely ending before October 24 or after December 3.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Marciano should appear around March 29, only rarely appearing before March 14 or after April 12.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 12 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 8, with an average of 7.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 29 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 28, with an average of 1.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Marciano are 43.307 deg latitude, 11.792 deg longitude, and 856 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Marciano contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 256 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 878 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,136 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,728 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Marciano is covered by cropland (93%), within 10 miles by cropland (66%) and trees (30%), and within 50 miles by trees (46%) and cropland (45%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Marciano, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Marciano.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Marciano according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Marciano is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Marciano and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Arezzo Airfield (75%, 18 kilometers, north); Perugia San Francesco d'Assisi – Umbria International Airport (12%, 63 kilometers, east); Grosseto Airport (7%, 84 kilometers, southwest); and Viterbo (6%, 100 kilometers, south).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.