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Average Weather in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale Italy

In San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale, the summers are short, hot, and mostly clear and the winters are long, very cold, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 33°F to 88°F and is rarely below 23°F or above 96°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Climate Summary

coldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec83%83%43%43%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.4 inprecipitation: 3.4 in0.9 in0.9 inmuggy: 18%muggy: 18%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.1beach/pool score: 8.10.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 2.8 months, from June 15 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 80°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 88°F and low of 63°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 17 to March 8, with an average daily high temperature below 56°F. The coldest day of the year is January 14, with an average low of 33°F and high of 48°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinaleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotvery coldcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Tuolumne City, California, United States (6,052 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale (view comparison).

Clouds

In San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale begins around June 8 and lasts for 3.4 months, ending around September 21. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 83% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 17% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 21 and lasts for 8.6 months, ending around June 8. On January 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 57% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 43% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinaleclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2183%Jul 2183%Jan 2143%Jan 2143%Jun 863%Jun 863%Sep 2163%Sep 2163%clearmostly clearmostly cloudyovercastpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 9.0 months, from September 7 to June 6, with a greater than 21% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 31% on November 16.

The drier season lasts 3.0 months, from June 6 to September 7. The smallest chance of a wet day is 12% on August 4.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 31% on November 16.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinalewetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 1631%Nov 1631%Aug 412%Aug 412%Jan 122%Jan 122%Sep 721%Sep 721%Jun 621%Jun 621%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 6, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.

The least rain falls around July 23, with an average total accumulation of 0.9 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinaleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 in6 inNov 63.4 inNov 63.4 inJul 230.9 inJul 230.9 inApr 172.0 inApr 172.0 inFeb 161.8 inFeb 161.8 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinaleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 8 minMar 2012 hr, 8 minMar 2015 hr, 26 minJun 2115 hr, 26 minJun 2112 hr, 11 minSep 2312 hr, 11 minSep 238 hr, 56 minDec 218 hr, 56 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:32 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 15 minutes later at 7:47 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:37 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 22 minutes later at 8:59 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinaleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 155:32 AMJun 155:32 AM8:59 PMJun 268:59 PMJun 26Dec 94:37 PMDec 94:37 PM7:47 AMJan 47:47 AMJan 4Mar 25DSTMar 25DSTDSTOct 28DSTOct 28daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from June 19 to September 14, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 4% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 7, with muggy conditions 18% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 7, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinalemuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 70%Dec 70%Aug 718%Aug 718%Jun 194%Jun 194%Sep 144%Sep 144%muggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from October 16 to April 26, with average wind speeds of more than 6.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.9 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.7 months, from April 26 to October 16. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinalewindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mphFeb 247.9 mphFeb 247.9 mphAug 105.8 mphAug 105.8 mphOct 166.8 mphOct 166.8 mphApr 266.8 mphApr 266.8 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 3.0 weeks, from March 29 to April 19 and for 1.6 weeks, from April 25 to May 6, with a peak percentage of 30% on April 5. The wind is most often from the east for 6.0 days, from April 19 to April 25 and for 6.6 months, from September 11 to March 29, with a peak percentage of 29% on April 21. The wind is most often from the west for 4.2 months, from May 6 to September 11, with a peak percentage of 42% on July 9.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinaleESSWEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.0 months, from June 19 to September 18, with an average temperature above 73°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 8, with an average temperature of 78°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.8 months, from December 17 to April 12, with an average temperature below 55°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 22, with an average temperature of 49°F.

Average Water Temperature

Average Water Temperature in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinalewarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec45°F50°F55°F60°F65°F70°F75°F80°F85°FAug 878°FAug 878°F49°FFeb 2249°FFeb 22Jun 1973°FJun 1973°FSep 1873°FSep 1873°FDec 1755°FDec 1755°FApr 1255°FApr 1255°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid May to early October, with a peak score in the second week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinalebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.37.30.30.37.27.26.66.6 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinalebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.18.10.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale typically lasts for 7.7 months (236 days), from around March 24 to around November 15, rarely starting before March 2 or after April 17, and rarely ending before October 27 or after December 6.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinalegrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2450%Mar 2450%Nov 1550%Nov 1590%Apr 1790%Apr 1790%Oct 2790%Oct 2710%Mar 210%Mar 210%Dec 610%Dec 60%Jan 170%Jan 17Jul 23100%Jul 23100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale should appear around March 26, only rarely appearing before March 9 or after April 10.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinaleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°FMar 2688°FMar 2688°FJun 14900°FJun 14900°FJul 241,800°FJul 241,800°FDec 313,614°FDec 313,614°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 12 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 8, with an average of 7.5 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 29 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 28, with an average of 1.5 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-CentinalebrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 87.5 kWhJul 87.5 kWhDec 281.5 kWhDec 281.5 kWhMay 126.3 kWhMay 126.3 kWhOct 292.7 kWhOct 292.7 kWhFeb 152.7 kWhFeb 152.7 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale are 43.569 deg latitude, 11.485 deg longitude, and 610 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 495 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 594 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (4,583 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (5,951 feet).

The area within 2 miles of San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale is covered by cropland (35%), trees (35%), and artificial surfaces (22%), within 10 miles by trees (56%) and cropland (38%), and within 50 miles by trees (50%) and cropland (42%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between San Cipriano-S.Barbara-Centinale and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Arezzo Airfield (45%, 32 kilometers, east); Florence Peretola Airport (36%, 35 kilometers, northwest); Forlì Airport (10%, 84 kilometers, northeast); and Grosseto Airport (9%, 96 kilometers, south).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.