Average Weather in Medford Oregon, United States
In Medford, the summers are hot, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are chilly, wet, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 32°F to 93°F and is rarely below 23°F or above 102°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 20 to September 19, with an average daily high temperature above 83°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 93°F and low of 59°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 11 to February 21, with an average daily high temperature below 56°F. The coldest day of the year is December 23, with an average low of 32°F and high of 46°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Medford, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Medford begins around June 12 and lasts for 4.0 months, ending around October 12. On August 4, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 87% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 13% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 12 and lasts for 8.0 months, ending around June 12. On November 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 71% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 29% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Medford varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.1 months, from October 24 to April 28, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 47% on November 30.
The drier season lasts 5.9 months, from April 28 to October 24. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on August 4.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 45% on November 30.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Medford experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.6 months, from September 6 to June 24, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 8, with an average total accumulation of 6.3 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from June 24 to September 6. The least rain falls around July 31, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Medford does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Medford varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 5 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 15 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:34 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 15 minutes later at 7:48 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:38 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 13 minutes later at 8:52 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Medford during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Medford, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Medford does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.3 miles per hour of 2.2 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Medford varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 1.9 months, from February 2 to March 30 and for 1.4 months, from October 26 to December 8, with a peak percentage of 43% on February 26. The wind is most often from the north for 4.5 months, from May 14 to September 28, with a peak percentage of 54% on July 18. The wind is most often from the east for 4.0 weeks, from September 28 to October 26 and for 1.8 months, from December 8 to February 2, with a peak percentage of 32% on October 19.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 21 to August 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 14, with an average of 8.1 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from October 29 to February 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Medford are 42.327 deg latitude, -122.876 deg longitude, and 1,414 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Medford contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 279 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,397 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (4,049 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,885 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Medford is covered by artificial surfaces (68%) and shrubs (24%), within 10 miles by shrubs (56%) and cropland (18%), and within 50 miles by trees (52%) and shrubs (41%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Medford, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Medford.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Medford according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Medford is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Medford and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Rogue Valley International - Medford Airport (96%, 6 kilometers, north); Siskiyou County Airport (2.6%, 69 kilometers, southeast); and Klamath Falls Airport (1.3%, 97 kilometers, east).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.