Average Weather in Borno Italy
In Borno, the summers are comfortable and wet, the winters are very cold, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 25°F to 71°F and is rarely below 15°F or above 78°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Borno for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.
The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 6 to September 10, with an average daily high temperature above 64°F. The hottest day of the year is July 25, with an average high of 71°F and low of 58°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 18 to March 8, with an average daily high temperature below 43°F. The coldest day of the year is January 14, with an average low of 25°F and high of 36°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Borno, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Borno begins around June 19 and lasts for 2.9 months, ending around September 17. On July 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 69% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 31% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 17 and lasts for 9.1 months, ending around June 19. On May 8, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 59% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 41% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Borno varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.5 months, from April 4 to October 19, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 42% on June 2.
The drier season lasts 5.5 months, from October 19 to April 4. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on February 1.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 42% on June 2.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Borno experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Borno. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 21, with an average total accumulation of 4.2 inches.
The least rain falls around January 27, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Borno experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from November 14 to March 21, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 8, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from March 21 to November 14. The least snow falls around July 29, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Borno varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 39 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 45 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:27 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 33 minutes later at 8:00 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 4:34 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 40 minutes later at 9:13 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Borno during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The perceived humidity level in Borno, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Borno varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 5.9 months, from April 13 to October 9, with a peak percentage of 44% on June 2. The wind is most often from the north for 6.1 months, from October 9 to April 13, with a peak percentage of 69% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Borno throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Borno for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Borno for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Borno typically lasts for 6.9 months (210 days), from around April 10 to around November 6, rarely starting before March 20 or after May 1, and rarely ending before October 17 or after November 30.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Borno should appear around May 13, only rarely appearing before May 3 or after May 30.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 9 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 7, with an average of 6.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from October 27 to February 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Borno are 45.947 deg latitude, 10.202 deg longitude, and 3,773 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Borno contains extreme variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 5,482 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,783 feet. Within 10 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,770 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (13,091 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Borno is covered by trees (63%) and grassland (28%), within 10 miles by trees (61%) and grassland (18%), and within 50 miles by trees (40%) and cropland (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Borno, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Borno.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Borno according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Borno is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Borno and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Il Caravaggio International Airport (29%, 49 kilometers, southwest); Brescia / Ghedi (24%, 58 kilometers, south); Paganella (meteorological station) (24%, 68 kilometers, east); and Resia Pass (23%, 101 kilometers, north).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .