Average Weather in Giuncugnano Italy
In Giuncugnano, the summers are short, comfortable, and mostly clear and the winters are long, very cold, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 74°F and is rarely below 23°F or above 81°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Giuncugnano for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.
The warm season lasts for 2.8 months, from June 15 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 68°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 74°F and low of 61°F.
The cold season lasts for 4.0 months, from November 19 to March 18, with an average daily high temperature below 47°F. The coldest day of the year is February 6, with an average low of 31°F and high of 41°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Giuncugnano, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Giuncugnano begins around June 11 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around September 20. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 82% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 18% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 20 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around June 11. On November 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 55% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 45% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Giuncugnano varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 9.3 months, from September 5 to June 16, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 31% on November 13.
The drier season lasts 2.7 months, from June 16 to September 5. The smallest chance of a wet day is 12% on August 4.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 31% on November 3.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Giuncugnano experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Giuncugnano. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 30, with an average total accumulation of 3.9 inches.
The least rain falls around July 20, with an average total accumulation of 1.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Giuncugnano experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from December 5 to March 13, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 9, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.7 months, from March 13 to December 5. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Giuncugnano varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 52 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 31 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:34 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 20 minutes later at 7:54 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 4:40 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 27 minutes later at 9:06 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Giuncugnano during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The perceived humidity level in Giuncugnano, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 4% of 4% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Giuncugnano experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 3 to April 29, with average wind speeds of more than 5.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.2 months, from April 29 to October 3. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Giuncugnano varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.2 months, from March 28 to July 2 and for 1.0 months, from August 28 to September 29, with a peak percentage of 36% on June 10. The wind is most often from the west for 1.8 months, from July 2 to August 28, with a peak percentage of 37% on August 1. The wind is most often from the east for 6.0 months, from September 29 to March 28, with a peak percentage of 31% on January 1.
Giuncugnano is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.6 months, from June 30 to September 18, with an average temperature above 73°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 9, with an average temperature of 77°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.4 months, from December 13 to April 26, with an average temperature below 60°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 23, with an average temperature of 56°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Giuncugnano throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Giuncugnano for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Giuncugnano for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Giuncugnano typically lasts for 7.9 months (241 days), from around March 26 to around November 22, rarely starting before March 4 or after April 17, and rarely ending before November 2 or after December 16.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Giuncugnano should appear around May 12, only rarely appearing before May 4 or after May 25.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 11 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 8, with an average of 7.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 27 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Giuncugnano are 44.211 deg latitude, 10.247 deg longitude, and 2,595 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Giuncugnano contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,680 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,776 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,486 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,100 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Giuncugnano is covered by trees (64%) and cropland (28%), within 10 miles by trees (78%), and within 50 miles by trees (41%) and cropland (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Giuncugnano, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Giuncugnano.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Giuncugnano according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Giuncugnano is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Giuncugnano and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Sarzana / Luni (21%, 25 kilometers, southwest); Passo Della Cisa (55%, 35 kilometers, northwest); Monte Cimone (9%, 36 kilometers, east); and Pisa International Airport (16%, 60 kilometers, south).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .