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Average Weather in Giuncugnano Italy

In Giuncugnano, the summers are short, comfortable, and mostly clear and the winters are long, very cold, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 74°F and is rarely below 23°F or above 81°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec82%82%45%45%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.9 inprecipitation: 3.9 in1.0 in1.0 inmuggy: 8%muggy: 8%0%0%drydrytourism score: 8.5tourism score: 8.50.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Giuncugnano for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 2.8 months, from June 15 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 68°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 74°F and low of 61°F.

The cold season lasts for 4.0 months, from November 19 to March 18, with an average daily high temperature below 47°F. The coldest day of the year is February 6, with an average low of 31°F and high of 41°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in GiuncugnanoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablecomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Vancouver, Canada (5,399 miles away) and Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States (3,915 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Giuncugnano (view comparison).

Clouds

In Giuncugnano, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Giuncugnano begins around June 11 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around September 20. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 82% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 18% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 20 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around June 11. On November 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 55% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 45% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in GiuncugnanoclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2182%Jul 2182%Nov 2545%Nov 2545%Jun 1163%Jun 1163%Sep 2063%Sep 2063%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Giuncugnano varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 9.3 months, from September 5 to June 16, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 31% on November 13.

The drier season lasts 2.7 months, from June 16 to September 5. The smallest chance of a wet day is 12% on August 4.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 31% on November 3.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in GiuncugnanowetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 1331%Nov 1331%Aug 412%Aug 412%Jan 122%Jan 122%Sep 522%Sep 522%Jun 1622%Jun 1622%rainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Giuncugnano experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Giuncugnano. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 30, with an average total accumulation of 3.9 inches.

The least rain falls around July 20, with an average total accumulation of 1.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Giuncugnano experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from December 5 to March 13, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 9, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.7 months, from March 13 to December 5. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in GiuncugnanosnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 in4.0 inJan 90.3 inJan 90.3 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inDec 50.1 inDec 50.1 inMar 130.1 inMar 130.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Giuncugnano varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 52 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 31 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in GiuncugnanoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 9 minMar 2012 hr, 9 minMar 2015 hr, 31 minJun 2115 hr, 31 minJun 2112 hr, 11 minSep 2312 hr, 11 minSep 238 hr, 52 minDec 218 hr, 52 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:34 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 20 minutes later at 7:54 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 4:40 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 27 minutes later at 9:06 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Giuncugnano during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in GiuncugnanoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 155:34 AMJun 155:34 AM9:06 PMJun 269:06 PMJun 26Dec 104:40 PMDec 104:40 PM7:54 AMJan 27:54 AMJan 2Mar 25DSTMar 25DSTDSTOct 28DSTOct 28daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Giuncugnano, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 4% of 4% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in GiuncugnanoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 100%Mar 100%Aug 68%Aug 68%humidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydrymuggymuggy
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Giuncugnano experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 3 to April 29, with average wind speeds of more than 5.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.9 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.2 months, from April 29 to October 3. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in GiuncugnanowindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mph12 mphFeb 56.9 mphFeb 56.9 mphAug 104.3 mphAug 104.3 mphOct 35.6 mphOct 35.6 mphApr 295.6 mphApr 295.6 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Giuncugnano varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 3.2 months, from March 28 to July 2 and for 1.0 months, from August 28 to September 29, with a peak percentage of 36% on June 10. The wind is most often from the west for 1.8 months, from July 2 to August 28, with a peak percentage of 37% on August 1. The wind is most often from the east for 6.0 months, from September 29 to March 28, with a peak percentage of 31% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in GiuncugnanoESWSEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Giuncugnano is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.6 months, from June 30 to September 18, with an average temperature above 73°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 9, with an average temperature of 77°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.4 months, from December 13 to April 26, with an average temperature below 60°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 23, with an average temperature of 56°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Giuncugnano throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Giuncugnano for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Giuncugnanobest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.58.50.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Giuncugnano for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in GiuncugnanoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.75.70.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Giuncugnano typically lasts for 7.9 months (241 days), from around March 26 to around November 22, rarely starting before March 4 or after April 17, and rarely ending before November 2 or after December 16.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Giuncugnanogrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2650%Mar 2650%Nov 2250%Nov 2290%Apr 1790%Apr 1790%Nov 290%Nov 210%Mar 410%Mar 410%Dec 1610%Dec 160%Jan 110%Jan 11Jul 26100%Jul 26100%freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarm
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Giuncugnano should appear around May 12, only rarely appearing before May 4 or after May 25.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 11 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 8, with an average of 7.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 27 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Giuncugnano are 44.211 deg latitude, 10.247 deg longitude, and 2,595 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Giuncugnano contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,680 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,776 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,486 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,100 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Giuncugnano is covered by trees (64%) and cropland (28%), within 10 miles by trees (78%), and within 50 miles by trees (41%) and cropland (30%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Giuncugnano, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Giuncugnano.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Giuncugnano according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Giuncugnano is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Giuncugnano and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Sarzana / Luni (21%, 25 kilometers, southwest); Passo Della Cisa (55%, 35 kilometers, northwest); Monte Cimone (9%, 36 kilometers, east); and Pisa International Airport (16%, 60 kilometers, south).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.