Average Weather in Calestano Italy
In Calestano, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are very cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 29°F to 78°F and is rarely below 21°F or above 85°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Calestano for warm-weather activities is from late June to early September.
The warm season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 9 to September 10, with an average daily high temperature above 70°F. The hottest day of the year is July 30, with an average high of 78°F and low of 62°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.6 months, from November 18 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 46°F. The coldest day of the year is February 3, with an average low of 29°F and high of 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
Boone, North Carolina, United States (4,608 miles away) and Rockport, Massachusetts, United States (3,870 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Calestano (view comparison).
In Calestano, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Calestano begins around June 13 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around September 21. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 21 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around June 13. On November 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Calestano varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 9.6 months, from September 6 to June 24, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 29% on May 1.
The drier season lasts 2.4 months, from June 24 to September 6. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on July 21.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 29% on May 1.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Calestano experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Calestano. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 22, with an average total accumulation of 3.7 inches.
The least rain falls around July 21, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Calestano experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from November 12 to March 21, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 8, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.7 months, from March 21 to November 12. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Calestano varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 49 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 34 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:33 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 23 minutes later at 7:56 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 4:39 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 30 minutes later at 9:08 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Calestano during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The perceived humidity level in Calestano, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Calestano experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from January 10 to May 23, with average wind speeds of more than 5.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.6 months, from May 23 to January 10. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Calestano varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 2.8 months, from May 2 to July 28, with a peak percentage of 40% on June 1. The wind is most often from the east for 4.8 months, from July 28 to December 22 and for 4.1 months, from December 30 to May 2, with a peak percentage of 44% on October 24. The wind is most often from the west for 1.1 weeks, from December 22 to December 30, with a peak percentage of 31% on December 26.
Calestano is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.6 months, from June 30 to September 18, with an average temperature above 73°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 8, with an average temperature of 77°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.5 months, from December 13 to April 27, with an average temperature below 60°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 21, with an average temperature of 56°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Calestano throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Calestano for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to early September, with a peak score in the third week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Calestano for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Calestano typically lasts for 7.5 months (230 days), from around March 29 to around November 14, rarely starting before March 9 or after April 19, and rarely ending before October 23 or after December 7.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Calestano should appear around April 29, only rarely appearing before April 18 or after May 13.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 10 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 8, with an average of 7.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 28 to February 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Calestano are 44.602 deg latitude, 10.124 deg longitude, and 2,005 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Calestano contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,034 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,849 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (4,806 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,087 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Calestano is covered by trees (67%) and cropland (28%), within 10 miles by trees (55%) and cropland (39%), and within 50 miles by cropland (47%) and trees (39%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Calestano, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Calestano.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Calestano according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Calestano is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Calestano and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Passo Della Cisa (40%, 24 kilometers, southwest); Parma Airport (28%, 28 kilometers, northeast); Piacenza-San Damiano Air Base (26%, 47 kilometers, northwest); and Monte Cimone (6%, 64 kilometers, southeast).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .