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Average Weather in Pavullo nel Frignano Italy

In Pavullo nel Frignano, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are very cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 28°F to 79°F and is rarely below 20°F or above 86°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmcoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec81%81%45%45%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.2 inprecipitation: 3.2 in1.1 in1.1 inmuggy: 1%muggy: 1%0%0%drydrytourism score: 8.3tourism score: 8.30.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Pavullo nel Frignano for warm-weather activities is from late June to early September.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 9 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 70°F. The hottest day of the year is August 3, with an average high of 79°F and low of 61°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 19 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 46°F. The coldest day of the year is January 12, with an average low of 28°F and high of 38°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Pavullo nel FrignanoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmcomfortablefreezingfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Boone, North Carolina, United States (4,648 miles away) and Rockport, Massachusetts, United States (3,909 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Pavullo nel Frignano (view comparison).

Clouds

In Pavullo nel Frignano, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Pavullo nel Frignano begins around June 12 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around September 20. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 81% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 19% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 20 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around June 12. On November 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 55% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 45% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Pavullo nel FrignanoclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2181%Jul 2181%Nov 2545%Nov 2545%Jun 1263%Jun 1263%Sep 2063%Sep 2063%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Pavullo nel Frignano varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 9.4 months, from September 8 to June 22, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 30% on November 4.

The drier season lasts 2.6 months, from June 22 to September 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on August 4.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 30% on November 3.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Pavullo nel FrignanowetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 430%Nov 430%Aug 415%Aug 415%Jan 121%Jan 121%Sep 823%Sep 823%Jun 2223%Jun 2223%rainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pavullo nel Frignano experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Pavullo nel Frignano. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 23, with an average total accumulation of 3.2 inches.

The least rain falls around January 15, with an average total accumulation of 1.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pavullo nel Frignano experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from November 14 to March 19, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 13, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from March 19 to November 14. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Pavullo nel FrignanosnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 inJan 130.5 inJan 130.5 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inNov 140.1 inNov 140.1 inMar 190.1 inMar 190.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Pavullo nel Frignano varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 51 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Pavullo nel FrignanoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2015 hr, 32 minJun 2115 hr, 32 minJun 2112 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 228 hr, 51 minDec 218 hr, 51 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:31 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 21 minutes later at 7:52 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 4:37 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 28 minutes later at 9:04 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Pavullo nel Frignano during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Pavullo nel FrignanoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 155:31 AMJun 155:31 AM9:04 PMJun 269:04 PMJun 26Dec 104:37 PMDec 104:37 PM7:52 AMJan 27:52 AMJan 2Mar 26DSTMar 26DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Pavullo nel Frignano, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Pavullo nel FrignanoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 210%Mar 210%Jul 281%Jul 281%comfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Pavullo nel Frignano experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 19 to May 18, with average wind speeds of more than 5.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 17, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 18 to October 19. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Pavullo nel FrignanowindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mph12 mphMar 176.8 mphMar 176.8 mphAug 105.0 mphAug 105.0 mphOct 195.9 mphOct 195.9 mphMay 185.9 mphMay 185.9 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Pavullo nel Frignano varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 2.0 months, from February 1 to March 31; for 2.0 weeks, from April 17 to May 1; and for 3.6 months, from August 5 to November 23, with a peak percentage of 35% on March 2. The wind is most often from the south for 2.4 weeks, from March 31 to April 17; for 3.7 weeks, from May 1 to May 27; and for 5.0 days, from November 23 to November 28, with a peak percentage of 32% on May 5. The wind is most often from the west for 2.3 months, from May 27 to August 5 and for 2.0 months, from November 28 to February 1, with a peak percentage of 33% on June 12.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Pavullo nel FrignanoWESESWEWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Pavullo nel Frignano is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.7 months, from June 29 to September 18, with an average temperature above 73°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 9, with an average temperature of 77°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.4 months, from December 13 to April 26, with an average temperature below 60°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 22, with an average temperature of 56°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Pavullo nel Frignano throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pavullo nel Frignano for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to early September, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Pavullo nel Frignanobest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.38.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pavullo nel Frignano for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Pavullo nel Frignanobest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.76.70.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Pavullo nel Frignano typically lasts for 7.4 months (226 days), from around March 30 to around November 11, rarely starting before March 9 or after April 23, and rarely ending before October 22 or after December 2.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Pavullo nel Frignanogrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 3050%Mar 3050%Nov 1150%Nov 1190%Apr 2390%Apr 2390%Oct 2290%Oct 2210%Mar 910%Mar 910%Dec 210%Dec 20%Jan 170%Jan 17Jul 23100%Jul 23100%freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarm
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Pavullo nel Frignano should appear around April 29, only rarely appearing before April 17 or after May 13.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 11 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 8, with an average of 7.3 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 28 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 15, with an average of 1.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Pavullo nel FrignanobrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 87.3 kWhJul 87.3 kWhDec 151.4 kWhDec 151.4 kWhMay 116.2 kWhMay 116.2 kWhAug 176.2 kWhAug 176.2 kWhOct 282.6 kWhOct 282.6 kWhFeb 152.6 kWhFeb 152.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pavullo nel Frignano are 44.334 deg latitude, 10.835 deg longitude, and 2,238 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Pavullo nel Frignano contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,240 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,319 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,826 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,129 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Pavullo nel Frignano is covered by cropland (50%) and trees (43%), within 10 miles by trees (52%) and cropland (44%), and within 50 miles by cropland (50%) and trees (38%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Pavullo nel Frignano, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Pavullo nel Frignano.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Pavullo nel Frignano according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Pavullo nel Frignano is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Pavullo nel Frignano and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Monte Cimone (17%, 18 kilometers, southwest); Bologna Guglielmo Marconi Airport (47%, 42 kilometers, northeast); and Parma Airport (35%, 69 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.