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Average Weather in El Polvorín Mexico

In El Polvorín, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is hot and oppressive year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 70°F to 91°F and is rarely below 66°F or above 94°F.

Temperature

The temperature in El Polvorín varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in El PolvorínJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°F110°FJan 2589°FJan 2589°FMay 1891°FMay 1891°F70°F70°F76°F76°FSep 589°FSep 589°FOct 1089°FOct 1089°F76°F76°F75°F75°FLowHigh
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in El PolvorínJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMhotwarmcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In El Polvorín, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in El Polvorín begins around November 7 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around May 16. On February 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 74% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 26% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around May 16 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around November 7. On September 13, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 92% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 8% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in El PolvorínclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Feb 2474%Feb 2474%Sep 138%Sep 138%Nov 741%Nov 741%May 1642%May 1642%clearmostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in El Polvorín varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.6 months, from May 27 to October 14, with a greater than 34% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 68% on September 13.

The drier season lasts 7.4 months, from October 14 to May 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on November 28.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 68% on September 13.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in El PolvorínwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Sep 1368%Sep 1368%Nov 281%Nov 281%May 2734%May 2734%Oct 1434%Oct 1434%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. El Polvorín experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from April 26 to November 16, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 8, with an average total accumulation of 9.1 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from November 16 to April 26. The least rain falls around December 11, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in El Polvorín varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 9 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 13 hours, 7 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in El PolvorínJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2013 hr, 7 minJun 2013 hr, 7 minJun 2012 hr, 7 minSep 2212 hr, 7 minSep 2211 hr, 9 minDec 2111 hr, 9 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:29 AM on April 1, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 2 minutes later at 7:31 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 5:59 PM on November 22, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 12 minutes later at 8:12 PM on July 6.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in El Polvorín during 2017, starting in the spring on April 2, lasting 6.8 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in El PolvorínJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMApr 16:29 AMApr 16:29 AM8:12 PMJul 68:12 PMJul 6Nov 225:59 PMNov 225:59 PM7:31 AMOct 287:31 AMOct 28Apr 2DSTApr 2DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

El Polvorín experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 9.0 months, from March 30 to December 29, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 78% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is September 19, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 26, with muggy conditions 71% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in El PolvorínmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 2671%Jan 2671%100%Sep 19100%Sep 19Mar 3078%Mar 3078%Dec 2978%Dec 2978%oppressiveoppressivehumidhumidmuggymuggymiserablemiserablecomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in El Polvorín experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from January 31 to July 12, with average wind speeds of more than 5.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.6 months, from July 12 to January 31. The calmest day of the year is November 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in El PolvorínwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mph12 mphJun 76.6 mphJun 76.6 mphNov 305.3 mphNov 305.3 mphJan 315.9 mphJan 315.9 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in El Polvorín varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 4.6 months, from January 29 to June 17 and for 6.0 months, from June 26 to December 26, with a peak percentage of 51% on October 11. The wind is most often from the south for 1.3 weeks, from June 17 to June 26 and for 1.1 months, from December 26 to January 29, with a peak percentage of 41% on June 20.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in El PolvorínSWWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westnorthsoutheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

El Polvorín is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from June 18 to September 12, with an average temperature above 86°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is July 28, with an average temperature of 86°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.4 months, from January 18 to April 30, with an average temperature below 83°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 15, with an average temperature of 82°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from March 4 to May 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 1, with an average of 7.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from June 15 to January 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is October 4, with an average of 4.5 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in El PolvorínbrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhApr 17.1 kWhApr 17.1 kWhOct 44.5 kWhOct 44.5 kWhMay 56.6 kWhMay 56.6 kWhJun 155.1 kWhJun 155.1 kWhJan 105.1 kWhJan 105.1 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of El Polvorín are 16.578 deg latitude, -98.801 deg longitude, and 56 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of El Polvorín contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 456 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 77 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,601 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (9,839 feet).

The area within 2 miles of El Polvorín is covered by cropland (90%), within 10 miles by cropland (57%) and water (28%), and within 50 miles by water (42%) and cropland (31%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in El Polvorín, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, General Juan N. Álvarez International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of El Polvorín.

At a distance of 104 kilometers from El Polvorín, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and El Polvorín according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.