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Average Weather in Torre di Santa Maria Italy

In Torre di Santa Maria, the summers are cool and wet; the winters are long, freezing, and dry; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 22°F to 66°F and is rarely below 12°F or above 72°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolcoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec67%67%39%39%overcastprecipitation: 4.4 inprecipitation: 4.4 in1.3 in1.3 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%drydrytourism score: 6.0tourism score: 6.00.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Torre di Santa Maria for warm-weather activities is from early July to mid August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 9 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 59°F. The hottest day of the year is July 26, with an average high of 66°F and low of 52°F.

The cold season lasts for 4.0 months, from November 17 to March 18, with an average daily high temperature below 39°F. The coldest day of the year is February 6, with an average low of 22°F and high of 33°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Torre di Santa MariaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoolcoolfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Seward, Alaska, United States (5,003 miles away) and Haines, Alaska, United States (4,894 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Torre di Santa Maria (view comparison).

Clouds

In Torre di Santa Maria, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Torre di Santa Maria begins around June 20 and lasts for 2.9 months, ending around September 17. On July 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 17 and lasts for 9.1 months, ending around June 20. On May 8, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 61% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 39% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Torre di Santa MariaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 3067%Jul 3067%May 839%May 839%Jun 2052%Jun 2052%Sep 1753%Sep 1753%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Torre di Santa Maria varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.9 months, from April 13 to October 11, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 44% on June 2.

The drier season lasts 6.1 months, from October 11 to April 13. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on March 6.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Torre di Santa Maria changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 9.3 months, from March 7 to December 16. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 44% on June 2.

Snow alone is the most common for 2.6 months, from December 16 to March 5. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 10% on January 13.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 2.0 days, from March 5 to March 7. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 7% on February 19.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Torre di Santa MariasnowrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 244%Jun 244%Mar 615%Mar 615%Dec 1618%Dec 1618%Apr 1329%Apr 1329%Oct 1129%Oct 1129%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Torre di Santa Maria experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from February 18 to January 23, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 8, with an average total accumulation of 4.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.7 weeks, from January 23 to February 18. The least rain falls around February 4, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Torre di Santa Maria experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from October 18 to May 5, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 16, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.9 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from May 5 to October 18. The least snow falls around August 2, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Torre di Santa MariasnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 inJan 160.9 inJan 160.9 inAug 20.0 inAug 20.0 inOct 180.1 inOct 180.1 inMay 50.1 inMay 50.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Torre di Santa Maria varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 37 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 47 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Torre di Santa MariaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 9 minMar 2012 hr, 9 minMar 2015 hr, 47 minJun 2115 hr, 47 minJun 2112 hr, 11 minSep 2312 hr, 11 minSep 238 hr, 37 minDec 218 hr, 37 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:28 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 35 minutes later at 8:03 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 4:34 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 42 minutes later at 9:16 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Torre di Santa Maria during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Torre di Santa MariaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 165:28 AMJun 165:28 AM9:16 PMJun 269:16 PMJun 26Dec 114:34 PMDec 114:34 PM8:03 AMJan 18:03 AMJan 1Mar 25DSTMar 25DSTDSTOct 28DSTOct 28daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Torre di Santa Maria, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Torre di Santa MariaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 30%Jul 30%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Torre di Santa Maria does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.4 miles per hour of 3.7 miles per hour throughout.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Torre di Santa MariaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mphMar 314.1 mphMar 314.1 mphOct 293.3 mphOct 293.3 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Torre di Santa Maria varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 6.0 months, from April 20 to October 21, with a peak percentage of 45% on May 14. The wind is most often from the north for 6.0 months, from October 21 to April 20, with a peak percentage of 64% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Torre di Santa MariaNSNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Torre di Santa Maria throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Torre di Santa Maria for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Torre di Santa Mariabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.06.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Torre di Santa Maria for hot-weather activities is from mid July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Torre di Santa MariaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468101.21.20.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Torre di Santa Maria typically lasts for 5.8 months (176 days), from around April 28 to around October 21, rarely starting before April 8 or after May 25, and rarely ending before October 3 or after November 13.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Torre di Santa Mariagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Apr 2850%Apr 2850%Oct 2150%Oct 2150%May 2590%May 2590%Oct 390%Oct 390%Apr 810%Apr 810%Nov 1310%Nov 1310%Aug 4100%Aug 4100%freezingvery coldcoldcoolfrigidcomfortable
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Torre di Santa Maria should appear around June 7, only rarely appearing before May 26 or after June 22.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Torre di Santa MariaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°FJun 790°FJun 790°FDec 31866°FDec 31866°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 7 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 5, with an average of 6.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from October 28 to February 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.5 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Torre di Santa MariabrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 56.9 kWhJul 56.9 kWhDec 161.5 kWhDec 161.5 kWhMay 75.8 kWhMay 75.8 kWhAug 195.8 kWhAug 195.8 kWhOct 282.6 kWhOct 282.6 kWhFeb 72.6 kWhFeb 72.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Torre di Santa Maria are 46.234 deg latitude, 9.852 deg longitude, and 5,249 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Torre di Santa Maria contains extreme variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 6,007 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,598 feet. Within 10 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (12,018 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (12,822 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Torre di Santa Maria is covered by trees (75%) and grassland (14%), within 10 miles by trees (43%) and bare soil (22%), and within 50 miles by trees (42%) and grassland (18%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Torre di Santa Maria, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Torre di Santa Maria.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Torre di Santa Maria according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Torre di Santa Maria is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Torre di Santa Maria and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Il Caravaggio International Airport (12%, 63 kilometers, south); Monte Bisbino (31%, 73 kilometers, southwest); Locarno Airport (11%, 75 kilometers, west); Resia Pass (27%, 83 kilometers, northeast); and Paganella (meteorological station) (20%, 91 kilometers, east).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.