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Average Weather in Ashland Kansas, United States

In Ashland, the summers are hot and mostly clear and the winters are very cold, dry, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 25°F to 96°F and is rarely below 12°F or above 104°F.

Climate Summary

coldcoolwarmhothotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec75%75%57%57%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.4 inprecipitation: 3.4 in0.4 in0.4 inmuggy: 30%muggy: 30%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.5tourism score: 6.50.50.5
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Ashland for warm-weather activities is from mid May to late September.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.4 months, from June 2 to September 15, with an average daily high temperature above 86°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 96°F and low of 71°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 23 to February 25, with an average daily high temperature below 56°F. The coldest day of the year is January 3, with an average low of 25°F and high of 46°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in AshlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotcoolvery coldwarmfreezingfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Delījān, Iran (7,172 miles away); Mashhad, Iran (7,197 miles); and Kabul, Afghanistan (7,439 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Ashland (view comparison).

Clouds

In Ashland, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Ashland begins around June 2 and lasts for 5.2 months, ending around November 8. On September 19, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 75% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 25% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 8 and lasts for 6.8 months, ending around June 2. On February 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 43% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 57% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in AshlandclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 1975%Sep 1975%Feb 1557%Feb 1557%Jun 266%Jun 266%Nov 866%Nov 866%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Ashland varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.7 months, from April 20 to September 11, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 38% on June 7.

The drier season lasts 7.3 months, from September 11 to April 20. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on January 11.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Ashland changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from February 2 to December 26. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 38% on June 7.

Snow alone is the most common for 1.2 months, from December 26 to February 2. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 3% on January 25.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in AshlandsnowrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 738%Jun 738%Jan 115%Jan 115%Dec 267%Dec 267%Apr 2022%Apr 2022%Sep 1122%Sep 1122%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ashland experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 10.0 months, from February 15 to December 13, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 11, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from December 13 to February 15. The least rain falls around January 15, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Ashland does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in AshlandsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 inDec 160.2 inDec 160.2 inJul 260.0 inJul 260.0 inJan 280.2 inJan 280.2 inMar 240.1 inMar 240.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Ashland varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 36 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 43 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:18 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 47 minutes later at 8:05 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:21 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 42 minutes later at 9:03 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Ashland during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in AshlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 136:18 AMJun 136:18 AM9:03 PMJun 289:03 PMJun 28Dec 65:21 PMDec 65:21 PM8:05 AMNov 38:05 AMNov 3Mar 11DSTMar 11DSTDSTNov 4DSTNov 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Ashland experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from June 1 to September 14, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 7% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 28, with muggy conditions 30% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 10, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in AshlandmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 100%Feb 100%Jul 2830%Jul 2830%Jun 17%Jun 17%Sep 147%Sep 147%muggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Ashland experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from February 28 to June 26, with average wind speeds of more than 11.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.9 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.0 months, from June 26 to February 28. The calmest day of the year is August 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in AshlandwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mphApr 812.9 mphApr 812.9 mphAug 610.1 mphAug 610.1 mphJun 2611.5 mphJun 2611.5 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Ashland varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 8.2 months, from March 10 to November 17, with a peak percentage of 66% on July 5. The wind is most often from the north for 3.8 months, from November 17 to March 10, with a peak percentage of 38% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in AshlandNSNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%southnorthwesteast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Ashland throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ashland for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid May to late September, with a peak score in the second week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Ashlandbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.56.50.50.56.36.35.95.9 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ashland for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Ashlandbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.46.40.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Ashland typically lasts for 6.7 months (206 days), from around April 7 to around October 30, rarely starting before March 19 or after April 24, and rarely ending before October 11 or after November 16.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Ashlandgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 750%Apr 750%Oct 3050%Oct 3090%Apr 2490%Apr 2490%Oct 1190%Oct 1110%Mar 1910%Mar 1910%Nov 1610%Nov 160%Jan 280%Jan 28Jul 20100%Jul 20100%freezingvery coldcomfortablewarmhotcoldcoolswelteringfrigid
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Ashland should appear around March 4, only rarely appearing before February 18 or after March 24.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in AshlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°F4,500°FMar 486°FMar 486°FMay 26900°FMay 26900°FJul 11,800°FJul 11,800°FDec 314,669°FDec 314,669°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from April 19 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 28, with an average of 7.5 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 6 to February 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 2.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ashland are 37.189 deg latitude, -99.766 deg longitude, and 1,988 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Ashland contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 187 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,986 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (702 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,339 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Ashland is covered by grassland (68%) and cropland (30%), within 10 miles by grassland (82%) and cropland (18%), and within 50 miles by grassland (68%) and cropland (31%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Ashland, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 7 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Ashland.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Ashland according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Ashland is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Ashland and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Dodge City Regional Airport (24%, 67 kilometers, north); West Woodward Airport (17%, 86 kilometers, south); Pratt Municipal Airport (13%, 107 kilometers, northeast); Liberal Mid-America Regional Airport (12%, 108 kilometers, west); Alva Regional Airport (12%, 108 kilometers, southeast); Medicine Lodge, Medicine Lodge (12%, 108 kilometers, east); and Perryton, Perryton Ochiltree County Airport (10%, 123 kilometers, southwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.