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Average Weather in Ghadāmis Libya

In Ghadāmis, the summers are long, sweltering, arid, and clear and the winters are cold, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 42°F to 105°F and is rarely below 35°F or above 112°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Ghadāmis for hot-weather activities are from mid April to early June and from late August to late October.

Climate Summary

coolwarmhotswelteringhotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec99%99%69%69%clearprecipitation: 0.3 inprecipitation: 0.3 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 1%muggy: 1%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.0beach/pool score: 8.00.40.4
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 24 to September 21, with an average daily high temperature above 97°F. The hottest day of the year is July 7, with an average high of 105°F and low of 79°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.1 months, from November 24 to February 27, with an average daily high temperature below 71°F. The coldest day of the year is January 11, with an average low of 42°F and high of 63°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in GhadāmisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmhothotswelteringcoldvery coldcoldcomfortablecomfortablevery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Mesa, Arizona, United States (6,617 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Ghadāmis (view comparison).

Clouds

In Ghadāmis, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Ghadāmis begins around June 13 and lasts for 3.1 months, ending around September 16. On July 20, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 99% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 16 and lasts for 8.9 months, ending around June 13. On May 8, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 31% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 69% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in GhadāmisclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2099%Jul 2099%May 869%May 869%Jun 1383%Jun 1383%Sep 1685%Sep 1685%clearovercastmostly cloudymostly clearpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

Ghadāmis does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 0% to 3%, with an average value of 1%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 3% on March 3.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in GhadāmisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 33%Mar 33%Jul 120%Jul 120%Jan 11%Jan 11%Sep 212%Sep 212%Apr 242%Apr 242%
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ghadāmis experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Ghadāmis. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 21, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The least rain falls around July 27, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Ghadāmis varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 10 hours, 12 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 5 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in GhadāmisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2014 hr, 5 minJun 2114 hr, 5 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2312 hr, 9 minSep 2310 hr, 12 minDec 2210 hr, 12 minDec 22nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:19 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 59 minutes later at 8:19 AM on January 10. The earliest sunset is at 6:21 PM on December 2, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 6 minutes later at 8:27 PM on June 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Ghadāmis during 2018.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in GhadāmisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 116:19 AMJun 116:19 AM8:27 PMJun 308:27 PMJun 30Dec 26:21 PMDec 26:21 PM8:19 AMJan 108:19 AMJan 10daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Ghadāmis, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in GhadāmisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 260%Feb 260%Sep 141%Sep 141%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Ghadāmis experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from March 5 to September 18, with average wind speeds of more than 9.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is May 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.6 months, from September 18 to March 5. The calmest day of the year is December 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Ghadāmis varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 9.3 months, from March 1 to December 9, with a peak percentage of 61% on July 25. The wind is most often from the west for 2.7 months, from December 9 to March 1, with a peak percentage of 30% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in GhadāmisWEWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastnorthsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Ghadāmis throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Ghadāmis for general outdoor tourist activities are from early March to late April and from mid October to late November, with a peak score in the last week of March.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Ghadāmisbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.97.93.73.77.87.84.44.4 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Ghadāmis for hot-weather activities are from mid April to early June and from late August to late October, with a peak score in the last week of September.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Ghadāmisbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.08.00.40.47.77.76.46.4 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Ghadāmis are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Ghadāmisgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%90%Jan 3190%Jan 3190%Dec 3190%Dec 31Jul 24100%Jul 24100%very coldcoldcoolwarmhotswelteringcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in GhadāmisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F1,000°F2,000°F3,000°F4,000°F5,000°F6,000°F7,000°F8,000°FJan 2189°FJan 2189°FApr 5900°FApr 5900°FDec 317,913°FDec 317,913°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from April 30 to August 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 10, with an average of 8.2 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 2 to February 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 18, with an average of 3.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in GhadāmisbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 108.2 kWhJul 108.2 kWhDec 183.6 kWhDec 183.6 kWhApr 307.3 kWhApr 307.3 kWhAug 267.3 kWhAug 267.3 kWhFeb 34.5 kWhFeb 34.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ghadāmis are 30.134 deg latitude, 9.501 deg longitude, and 1,079 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Ghadāmis contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 180 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,100 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (420 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,184 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Ghadāmis is covered by bare soil (67%), cropland (17%), and artificial surfaces (16%), within 10 miles by bare soil (97%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (99%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Ghadāmis, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Ghadames Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Ghadāmis.

At a distance of 21 kilometers from Ghadāmis, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Ghadāmis according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.