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Average Weather in Erstfeld Switzerland

In Erstfeld, the summers are cool and wet, the winters are freezing and snowy, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 17°F to 67°F and is rarely below 8°F or above 76°F.

Climate Summary

freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec59%59%37%37%overcastclearprecipitation: 5.4 inprecipitation: 5.4 in2.2 in2.2 inmuggy: 1%muggy: 1%0%0%drydrytourism score: 5.5tourism score: 5.50.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Erstfeld for warm-weather activities is from early July to mid August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.2 months, from June 1 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 59°F. The hottest day of the year is July 27, with an average high of 67°F and low of 50°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.6 months, from November 18 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 36°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 17°F and high of 29°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in ErstfeldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoolcoolcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Valdez, Alaska, United States (4,854 miles away); Haines, Alaska, United States (4,837 miles); and Whistler, Canada (5,150 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Erstfeld (view comparison).

Clouds

In Erstfeld, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Erstfeld begins around June 22 and lasts for 3.0 months, ending around September 21. On July 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 59% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 41% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 21 and lasts for 9.0 months, ending around June 22. On May 8, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 63% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 37% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in ErstfeldclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 3059%Jul 3059%May 837%May 837%Jun 2248%Jun 2248%Sep 2148%Sep 2148%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Erstfeld varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.7 months, from May 1 to August 22, with a greater than 40% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 52% on June 12.

The drier season lasts 8.3 months, from August 22 to May 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 29% on March 3.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Erstfeld changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.2 months, from March 15 to November 21. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 52% on June 12.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.6 months, from November 21 to March 10. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 22% on January 16.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 5.0 days, from March 10 to March 15. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 14% on April 2.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in ErstfeldsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 1252%Jun 1252%Mar 329%Mar 329%Nov 2133%Nov 2133%Jan 133%Jan 133%May 140%May 140%Aug 2240%Aug 2240%snowmixedrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Erstfeld experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from January 31 to January 5, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 10, with an average total accumulation of 5.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.8 weeks, from January 5 to January 31. The least rain falls around January 15, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in ErstfeldrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in2 in4 in6 in8 in10 inJun 105.4 inJun 105.4 inJan 150.4 inJan 150.4 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Erstfeld experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from October 10 to May 14, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 2, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 2.1 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from May 14 to October 10. The least snow falls around August 3, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in ErstfeldsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 in6 inJan 22.1 inJan 22.1 inAug 30.0 inAug 30.0 inOct 100.1 inOct 100.1 inMay 140.1 inMay 140.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Erstfeld varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 32 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 52 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:30 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 40 minutes later at 8:10 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 4:36 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 47 minutes later at 9:23 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Erstfeld during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in ErstfeldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 165:30 AMJun 165:30 AM9:23 PMJun 269:23 PMJun 26Dec 104:36 PMDec 104:36 PM8:10 AMJan 18:10 AMJan 1Mar 26DSTMar 26DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Erstfeld, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in ErstfeldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 180%Mar 180%Jul 101%Jul 101%humidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Erstfeld experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 13 to May 10, with average wind speeds of more than 4.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 10 to October 13. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Erstfeld varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 3.6 weeks, from May 27 to June 21 and for 1.2 months, from July 18 to August 25, with a peak percentage of 35% on July 26. The wind is most often from the west for 3.9 weeks, from June 21 to July 18, with a peak percentage of 36% on July 5. The wind is most often from the south for 9.1 months, from August 25 to May 27, with a peak percentage of 56% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in ErstfeldSNWNSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Erstfeld throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Erstfeld for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Erstfeldbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.55.50.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Erstfeld for hot-weather activities is from mid July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in ErstfeldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468101.61.60.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Erstfeld typically lasts for 4.8 months (147 days), from around May 15 to around October 9, rarely starting before April 23 or after June 6, and rarely ending before September 18 or after October 27.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Erstfeldgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1550%May 1550%Oct 950%Oct 950%Jun 690%Jun 690%Sep 1890%Sep 1890%Apr 2310%Apr 2310%Oct 2710%Oct 2710%0%Dec 90%Dec 9Jul 25100%Jul 25100%frigidfreezingvery coldcoldcool
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Erstfeld should appear around June 1, only rarely appearing before May 21 or after June 17.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in ErstfeldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F100°F200°F300°F400°F500°F600°F700°F800°F900°FJun 190°FJun 190°FDec 31821°FDec 31821°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 3 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 7, with an average of 6.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from October 29 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 1.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Erstfeld are 46.819 deg latitude, 8.651 deg longitude, and 4,150 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Erstfeld contains extreme variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 6,404 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,446 feet. Within 10 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (9,334 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (13,268 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Erstfeld is covered by trees (54%), grassland (16%), and shrubs (11%), within 10 miles by grassland (26%) and bare soil (26%), and within 50 miles by trees (33%) and grassland (25%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Erstfeld, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Erstfeld.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Erstfeld according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Erstfeld is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Erstfeld and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Buochs Airport (65%, 25 kilometers, northwest) and Locarno Airport (35%, 74 kilometers, south).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.