Average Weather in Tofa Nigeria
In Tofa, the wet season is oppressive and mostly cloudy, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is hot year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 54°F to 101°F and is rarely below 48°F or above 106°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Tofa for warm-weather activities is from early December to early February.
The hot season lasts for 2.2 months, from March 17 to May 24, with an average daily high temperature above 98°F. The hottest day of the year is April 12, with an average high of 101°F and low of 71°F.
The cool season lasts for 1.7 months, from December 4 to January 28, with an average daily high temperature below 89°F. The coldest day of the year is January 2, with an average low of 54°F and high of 86°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Tofa, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Tofa begins around November 8 and lasts for 3.8 months, ending around March 3. On January 5, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around March 3 and lasts for 8.2 months, ending around November 8. On May 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 73% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 27% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Tofa varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.2 months, from May 26 to October 1, with a greater than 40% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 79% on August 18.
The drier season lasts 7.8 months, from October 1 to May 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on January 1.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 79% on August 18.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Tofa experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from April 14 to October 23, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 14, with an average total accumulation of 7.1 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from October 23 to April 14. The least rain falls around January 2, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Tofa does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 50 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 25 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 50 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:01 AM on May 31, and the latest sunrise is 51 minutes later at 6:52 AM on January 25. The earliest sunset is at 5:58 PM on November 18, and the latest sunset is 58 minutes later at 6:56 PM on July 10.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Tofa during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
Tofa experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from April 20 to October 23, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 24% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 19, with muggy conditions 98% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 27, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Tofa experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.7 months, from November 15 to July 6, with average wind speeds of more than 5.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.3 months, from July 6 to November 15. The calmest day of the year is September 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Tofa varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 5.5 months, from April 20 to October 3, with a peak percentage of 63% on July 4. The wind is most often from the east for 6.6 months, from October 3 to April 20, with a peak percentage of 85% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Tofa throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Tofa for general outdoor tourist activities is from early December to early February, with a peak score in the first week of January.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Tofa for hot-weather activities are from late January to early April and from early October to early December, with a peak score in the first week of November.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Temperatures in Tofa are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from February 19 to April 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 1, with an average of 6.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from July 3 to September 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is August 14, with an average of 5.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Tofa are 12.058 deg latitude, 8.273 deg longitude, and 1,624 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Tofa contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 131 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,619 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (384 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,109 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Tofa is covered by cropland (95%), within 10 miles by cropland (87%), and within 50 miles by cropland (69%) and grassland (13%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Tofa, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Tofa is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Tofa, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .