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Average Weather in Saminaka Nigeria

In Saminaka, the wet season is muggy and overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is hot year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 56°F to 97°F and is rarely below 50°F or above 102°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Saminaka for warm-weather activities is from mid November to early February.

Climate Summary

hotswelteringhotwarmhotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec61%61%19%19%overcastclearprecipitation: 9.5 inprecipitation: 9.5 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 93%muggy: 93%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.3tourism score: 7.33.53.5
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 2.4 months, from February 18 to April 30, with an average daily high temperature above 94°F. The hottest day of the year is March 30, with an average high of 97°F and low of 69°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from July 7 to October 3, with an average daily high temperature below 84°F. The coldest day of the year is December 30, with an average low of 56°F and high of 88°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in SaminakaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcoolcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmhothotcomfortablewarmcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Igatpuri, India (4,357 miles away) and Hubli, India (4,477 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Saminaka (view comparison).

Clouds

In Saminaka, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Saminaka begins around October 31 and lasts for 4.1 months, ending around March 1. On January 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 39% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around March 1 and lasts for 7.9 months, ending around October 31. On May 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 81% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 19% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in SaminakaclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jan 361%Jan 361%May 719%May 719%Oct 3140%Oct 3140%Mar 141%Mar 141%clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Saminaka varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.3 months, from April 28 to October 5, with a greater than 40% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 81% on August 18.

The drier season lasts 6.7 months, from October 5 to April 28. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on December 1.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 81% on August 18.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in SaminakawetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 1881%Aug 1881%Dec 10%Dec 10%Apr 2840%Apr 2840%Oct 540%Oct 540%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Saminaka experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from March 26 to October 31, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 10, with an average total accumulation of 9.5 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from October 31 to March 26. The least rain falls around December 21, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Saminaka does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 44 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 31 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 44 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:02 AM on May 29, and the latest sunrise is 46 minutes later at 6:48 AM on January 27. The earliest sunset is at 5:59 PM on November 17, and the latest sunset is 52 minutes later at 6:51 PM on July 12.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Saminaka during 2018.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in SaminakaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMMay 296:02 AMMay 296:02 AM6:51 PMJul 126:51 PMJul 12Nov 175:59 PMNov 175:59 PM6:48 AMJan 276:48 AMJan 27daynightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Saminaka experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from April 8 to October 29, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 23% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 14, with muggy conditions 93% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 1, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in SaminakamuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 10%Jan 10%93%Aug 1493%Aug 14Apr 823%Apr 823%Oct 2923%Oct 2923%muggymuggyhumidhumiddrydryoppressiveoppressive
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Saminaka experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.9 months, from November 13 to May 8, with average wind speeds of more than 7.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.5 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.1 months, from May 8 to November 13. The calmest day of the year is September 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Saminaka varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 4.8 months, from April 8 to September 1, with a peak percentage of 54% on July 24. The wind is most often from the east for 7.2 months, from September 1 to April 8, with a peak percentage of 83% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in SaminakaEWEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastsouthnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Saminaka throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Saminaka for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid November to early February, with a peak score in the first week of January.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in SaminakaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.37.33.53.54.64.6 precipitationprecipitationtemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Saminaka for hot-weather activities are from early January to early April and from early October to mid November, with a peak score in the third week of February.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Saminakabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.86.84.64.66.36.35.65.65.35.3 precipitationprecipitationtemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Saminaka are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in SaminakaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3coolcomfortablewarmhotswelteringcold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in SaminakaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F1,000°F2,000°F3,000°F4,000°F5,000°F6,000°F7,000°F8,000°F9,000°FJan 590°FJan 590°FMar 181,800°FMar 181,800°FDec 318,942°FDec 318,942°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from January 26 to April 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is February 20, with an average of 6.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from May 28 to August 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is July 31, with an average of 4.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in SaminakabrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhFeb 206.4 kWhFeb 206.4 kWhJul 314.9 kWhJul 314.9 kWhApr 126.1 kWhApr 126.1 kWhMay 285.2 kWhMay 285.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Saminaka are 10.412 deg latitude, 8.687 deg longitude, and 2,559 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Saminaka contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 164 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,529 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (650 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (3,947 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Saminaka is covered by cropland (68%), grassland (13%), and trees (10%), within 10 miles by cropland (69%) and grassland (12%), and within 50 miles by cropland (54%) and shrubs (25%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Saminaka, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Saminaka is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Saminaka, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.