In Menden, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, very cold, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 73°F and is rarely below 18°F or above 84°F.
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Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Menden for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.
The warm season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 7 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 66°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 73°F and low of 57°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 18 to March 10, with an average daily high temperature below 47°F. The coldest day of the year is February 8, with an average low of 31°F and high of 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
In Menden, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Menden begins around March 25 and lasts for 6.6 months, ending around October 11. On July 22, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy56% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy44% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 11 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around March 25. On December 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy75% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy25% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Menden varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.2 months, from May 24 to February 1, with a greater than 33% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on December 26.
The drier season lasts 3.7 months, from February 1 to May 24. The smallest chance of a wet day is 26% on March 4.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 36% on July 11.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Menden experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Menden. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 28, with an average total accumulation of 2.5 inches.
The least rain falls around April 21, with an average total accumulation of 1.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Menden does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.
The length of the day in Menden varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 50 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 38 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.
The earliest sunrise is at 5:11 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 23 minutes later at 8:34 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 4:20 PM on December 13, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 30 minutes later at 9:49 PM on June 24.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Menden during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Menden, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Menden experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from October 17 to March 31, with average wind speeds of more than 10.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 17, with an average hourly wind speed of 13.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.5 months, from March 31 to October 17. The calmest day of the year is August 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Menden varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 8.1 months, from January 26 to September 30, with a peak percentage of 48% on July 8. The wind is most often from the south for 3.9 months, from September 30 to January 26, with a peak percentage of 43% on January 1.
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Menden throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Menden for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Menden for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Menden typically lasts for 6.9 months (210 days), from around April 12 to around November 8, rarely starting before March 19 or after May 2, and rarely ending before October 14 or after December 5.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Menden should appear around April 25, only rarely appearing before April 10 or after May 9.
Growing Degree Days
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from April 30 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 6.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from October 27 to February 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 0.6 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Menden are 51.443 deg latitude, 7.778 deg longitude, and 574 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Menden contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 604 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 570 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,637 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,831 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Menden is covered by artificial surfaces (43%), trees (29%), and cropland (25%), within 10 miles by cropland (41%) and trees (30%), and within 50 miles by cropland (41%) and trees (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Menden, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Menden.
The estimated value at Menden is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Menden and a given station.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.