Average Weather in Toluca Mexico
In Toluca, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is comfortable year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 32°F to 74°F and is rarely below 26°F or above 80°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Toluca, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Toluca begins around October 31 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around May 31. On February 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around May 31 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around October 31. On September 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 91% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 9% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Toluca varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.2 months, from May 31 to October 7, with a greater than 41% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 79% on July 3.
The drier season lasts 7.8 months, from October 7 to May 31. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on December 7.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 79% on July 3.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Toluca experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from April 30 to November 7, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 3, with an average total accumulation of 5.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from November 7 to April 30. The least rain falls around December 11, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Toluca varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 58 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 13 hours, 18 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:32 AM on April 1, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 5 minutes later at 7:37 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 5:58 PM on November 24, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 22 minutes later at 8:20 PM on July 5.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Toluca during 2017, starting in the spring on April 2, lasting 6.8 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Toluca, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Toluca does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.5 miles per hour of 2.3 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Toluca varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 4.8 months, from June 4 to October 29, with a peak percentage of 56% on August 14. The wind is most often from the north for 1.1 months, from October 29 to December 1, with a peak percentage of 34% on October 29. The wind is most often from the west for 6.1 months, from December 1 to June 4, with a peak percentage of 31% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from March 7 to May 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 18, with an average of 7.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from October 31 to January 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 4.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Toluca are 19.288 deg latitude, -99.653 deg longitude, and 8,757 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Toluca contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,257 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 8,801 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,841 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (12,910 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Toluca is covered by artificial surfaces (87%), within 10 miles by cropland (75%) and artificial surfaces (18%), and within 50 miles by cropland (36%) and trees (34%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Toluca, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Licenciado Adolfo López Mateos International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Toluca.
At a distance of 11 kilometers from Toluca, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Toluca according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.