Average Weather in Monaco Monaco
In Monaco, the summers are short, warm, humid, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are long, cold, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 42°F to 82°F and is rarely below 37°F or above 87°F.
The warm season lasts for 2.8 months, from June 21 to September 15, with an average daily high temperature above 76°F. The hottest day of the year is August 7, with an average high of 82°F and low of 70°F.
The cool season lasts for 4.2 months, from November 21 to March 27, with an average daily high temperature below 60°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 42°F and high of 55°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Monaco, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Monaco begins around June 15 and lasts for 3.0 months, ending around September 14. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 82% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 18% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 14 and lasts for 9.0 months, ending around June 15. On November 9, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 48% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 52% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Monaco varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.8 months, from September 11 to June 4, with a greater than 16% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 25% on November 15.
The drier season lasts 3.2 months, from June 4 to September 11. The smallest chance of a wet day is 7% on July 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 25% on November 15.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Monaco experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from July 27 to July 11, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 4, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.3 weeks, from July 11 to July 27. The least rain falls around July 20, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Monaco varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 55 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 27 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:47 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 16 minutes later at 8:04 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 4:53 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 23 minutes later at 9:16 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Monaco during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Monaco experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from June 11 to September 22, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 14% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 6, with muggy conditions 53% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is March 2, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Monaco experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from October 6 to April 27, with average wind speeds of more than 3.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.3 months, from April 27 to October 6. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Monaco varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 2.3 months, from March 3 to May 12 and for 1.9 months, from September 14 to November 11, with a peak percentage of 34% on October 21. The wind is most often from the south for 4.1 months, from May 12 to September 14, with a peak percentage of 41% on August 6. The wind is most often from the north for 3.7 months, from November 11 to March 3, with a peak percentage of 33% on January 1.
Monaco is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.5 months, from July 1 to September 16, with an average temperature above 72°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 11, with an average temperature of 76°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.7 months, from December 8 to April 30, with an average temperature below 60°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 15, with an average temperature of 56°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 10 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 5, with an average of 7.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 25 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.7 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Monaco are 43.733 deg latitude, 7.417 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Monaco contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,690 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 555 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (4,521 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,768 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Monaco is covered by water (58%), artificial surfaces (15%), and trees (13%), within 10 miles by water (53%) and trees (22%), and within 50 miles by water (47%) and trees (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Monaco, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Monaco.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Monaco according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Monaco is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Monaco and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Nice Côte d'Azur International Airport (85%, 18 kilometers, southwest); Capo Mele (12%, 65 kilometers, east); and Calvi - Sainte-Catherine Airport (2.9%, 174 kilometers, southeast).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.