Average Weather in Dutsin-Ma Nigeria
In Dutsin-Ma, the wet season is oppressive and mostly cloudy, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is hot year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 57°F to 100°F and is rarely below 52°F or above 105°F.
The hot season lasts for 2.4 months, from March 16 to May 28, with an average daily high temperature above 97°F. The hottest day of the year is April 13, with an average high of 100°F and low of 75°F.
The cool season lasts for 1.6 months, from December 9 to January 29, with an average daily high temperature below 87°F. The coldest day of the year is January 2, with an average low of 57°F and high of 83°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Dutsin-Ma, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Dutsin-Ma begins around November 8 and lasts for 4.0 months, ending around March 7. On January 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around March 7 and lasts for 8.0 months, ending around November 8. On May 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 72% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 28% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Dutsin-Ma varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.8 months, from June 3 to September 27, with a greater than 43% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 86% on August 18.
The drier season lasts 8.2 months, from September 27 to June 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on January 1.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 86% on August 18.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Dutsin-Ma experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from April 24 to October 18, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 15, with an average total accumulation of 7.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from October 18 to April 24. The least rain falls around January 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Dutsin-Ma does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 51 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 24 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 52 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:03 AM on May 30, and the latest sunrise is 53 minutes later at 6:56 AM on January 25. The earliest sunset is at 6:01 PM on November 18, and the latest sunset is 59 minutes later at 6:59 PM on July 10.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Dutsin-Ma during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Dutsin-Ma experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from April 17 to October 24, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 25% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 26, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 25, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Dutsin-Ma experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from November 9 to June 26, with average wind speeds of more than 3.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.4 months, from June 26 to November 9. The calmest day of the year is September 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Dutsin-Ma varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 5.4 months, from April 22 to October 4, with a peak percentage of 66% on July 4. The wind is most often from the east for 6.6 months, from October 4 to April 22, with a peak percentage of 94% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.2 months, from February 18 to April 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 2, with an average of 6.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from July 4 to September 27, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is August 14, with an average of 5.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Dutsin-Ma are 12.454 deg latitude, 7.497 deg longitude, and 1,736 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Dutsin-Ma contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 223 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,744 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (472 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,404 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Dutsin-Ma is covered by cropland (54%), grassland (17%), trees (13%), and shrubs (11%), within 10 miles by cropland (51%) and grassland (20%), and within 50 miles by cropland (56%) and grassland (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Dutsin-Ma, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Maradi Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Dutsin-Ma.
At a distance of 123 kilometers from Dutsin-Ma, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Dutsin-Ma according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.